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Name LocalΠειραιάς
Image SkylinePort of Piraeus Panoramic View.JPG
Caption SkylinePanoramic view of the western part of the city and the port of Piraeus.
City SealCity of piraeus logo.JPG
Lat Deg37
Lat Min57
Lon Deg23
Lon Min38
Elevation Min0
Elevation Max6.6
Pop Municipality175697
Area Municipality10.865
MayorVasileios Michaloliakos
Population As Of2001
Population Urban466065
Area Urban50.417
Postal Code185 xx
Area Code21

     Home | City | Piraeus

Piraeus (c-eniconpaɪˈriːəs or c-enpɪˈreɪ.əs; Peiraiás -elpireˈas, , Peiraieús, -elpeːrajěːu̯spron) is a city in the periphery of Attica, Greece. Piraeus is located within the Athens Urban Area, 12 km southwest from its city center (municipality of Athens), and lies along the east coast of the Saronic Gulf.

According to the 2001 census, Piraeus had a population of 175,697 people within its administrative limits, making it the third largest municipality in Greece and the second largest within the urban area of the Greek capital, following the municipality of Athens. The municipality of Piraeus and several other suburban municipalities within the peripheral unit of Piraeus form the wider Piraeus Urban Area or Greater Piraeus, with a total population of 466,065.

Piraeus has a long history, which dates back to ancient Greece. The effects of its natural space and geographical place have been critical factors for the configuration of the historical fate of Piraeus. The development of the harbour has been always combined with periods of proportional acme and progress of the city, while in the periods of the harbour's decay the city languished. The city was largely developed in the early 5th century BC, when it was selected to serve as the port city of classical Athens and was transformed into a prototype harbour, concentrating all the import and transit trade of Athens. Consequently, it became the chief harbour of ancient Greece but declined gradually after the 4th century AD, and began to grow again in the 19th century, especially after the declaration of Athens as the capital of Greece. In modern era, Piraeus is a big city bustling with life and an integral part of Athens, having the biggest harbour in the country and all the typical characteristics of a huge marine and commercial-industrial center.

The port of Piraeus is the chief port in Greece, the largest passenger port in Europe and the third largest in the world, servicing about 20 million passengers annually. With a throughput of 1.4 million TEUs, Piraeus is placed among the first ten ports in container traffic in Europe and the top container port in Eastern Mediterranean. The city hosted events in both the 1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics held in Athens.

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