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Full nameState of Piauí
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
Capital and Largest CityTeresina
GovernorWilson Nunes Martins
Total Area97090.3 sq mi (251529.186 km2)
Area rank11th
Total Population3119015 (18th) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (18th) (0/sq mi)
Year2006 estimate
TotalR$ 12,790,000,000 (23rd)
Per capitaR$ 4,213 (27th)
Category0.703 - medium (25th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)BRT (UTC-3)
Postal Code64000-000 to 64990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-PI

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Piauí (-ptpiaˈwi) is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country.

Piauí has the shortest coastline of any of the non-landlocked Brazilian states at 66 km (41 mi), and the capital, Teresina, is the only state capital in the north east to be located inland. The reason for this is, unlike the rest of the area, Piauí was first colonised inland and slowly expanded towards the ocean, rather than the other way around. In the Southeast of the State, the National Park of Serra da Capivara is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park has more than 400 archaeological sites and the largest concentration of rock paintings in the world, in a landscape dominated by canyons and caatinga.

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