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Full namePernik
Official namePernik
Native nameПерник
MayorRosica Ianakieva
Elevation2329.4 ft (710 m)
Total Population81,052|population_urban=97,602|population_footnotes= (Census February 2011)
Urban (pop.)97,602|population_footnotes=
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code2300
Area code076

     Home | City | Pernik

Pernik ( ) is a city in western Bulgaria (around 30 km south-west of Sofia) with a population of 81,052 . It is the main city of Pernik Province and lies on both banks of the Struma River in the Pernik Valley between the Viskyar, Vitosha and Golo Bardo mountains.

Originally the site of a Thracian fortress founded in the 4th century BC, and later a Roman settlement, Pernik became part of the Bulgarian Empire in the early 9th century as an important fortress. The name Pernik is thought to have originated from that of Slavic god Perun with the Slavic placename suffix nik (or ik) added, and was first mentioned in the 9th century. The medieval town was a key Bulgarian stronghold during Bulgarian tsar Samuil's wars against the Byzantine Empire in the 11th century, when it was governed by the local noble Krakra of Pernik, withstanding Byzantine sieges a number of times.

From 1396 until 1878 the city was under Ottoman rule. In the 20th century Pernik developed rapidly as a centre for coal mining and heavy industry. During the Communist rule of Bulgaria it was called Dimitrovo between 1949 and 1962 after Bulgarian Communist leader Georgi Dimitrov. The Surva International Festival of the Masquerade Games is held in the city every January. Pernik has two football teams, PFC Minyor Pernik and FC Metalurg.

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