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Patna

Administration
Native amePatna
Other nameपटना
پٹنہ
Nicknamepatliputra
TypeCapital
RegionMagadha
StateBihar
DivisionPatna
DistrictPatna
Established datec. 2000 BCE
Government
MayorAfzal Imam (JDU)
Parliamentary constituencyPatna Parliamentary Constituency, Pataliputra Parliamentary Constituency, Patna Sahib Parliamentary Constituency
Assembly constituencyBakhtiarpur(180), Digha(181), Bankipur(182), Kumhrar(183), Patna Sahib(184), Fatuha(185), Danapur(186), Maner(187), Phulwari-SC(188)
Planning AgencyPatna Regional Development Authority
Civic agencyPatna Municipal Corporation
Geography
Total Area42.2 sq mi (109.218 km2)
Altitude53 m
Demography
Total Population5772804 (2010)
Density (pop.)1803/km2 (4669.8/sq mi)
Official languagesHindi, bajjika, Magadhi, Maithali, Bhojpuri, English
Other information
Governing bodyGovernment of Bihar
Government of India
Time zoneIST (UTC+5:30)
Pincode800 XXX
Telephone0612
VehicleBR

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Paṭnā ( , ), is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar and the second largest city in Eastern India (in terms of population). Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta, Pala and Suri dynasties.

Pataliputra was also a seat of learning and fine arts. Its population during the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) was about 400,000. The walled old area, known locally as Patna City, is a major trading centre.

The modern city of Patna is situated on the southern bank of the Ganga. The city also straddles the rivers Sone, Gandak and Punpun. The city is approximately 35 km long and 16 km to 18 km wide.

In June 2009, the World Bank ranked Patna in second place in India, after Delhi, in terms of the ease of starting a business. As at 2004-2005, Patna had the highest per capita gross district domestic product in Bihar, at Rs31,441. On the basis of,assumed average annual growth,Patna has been ranked as 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India by City Mayors Foundation.Patna registered average annual growth of 3.72%,for the period of 2006-2020.

The Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodhgaya, and Pawapuri are nearby and Patna is also a sacred city for Sikhs as the last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was born here.


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