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Palestinian National Authority

Palestinian National Authority
General information
Common namePalestine
Local name السلطة الفلسطينية
As-Sulta Al-Filastīniyya
Name السلطة الفلسطينية
As-Sulta Al-Filastīniyya
Mawtiny (previous)
CapitalAdministrative centers: Ramallah (West Bank), Gaza (Gaza Strip); Jerusalem is the proclaimed capital of Palestine
Parliamentary democracy
PresidentMahmoud Abbas and Aziz Duwaika
Prime MinisterSalam Fayyad and Ismail Haniyehb
EstablishedMay 4, 1994
Population Est.3935249 (126th)
GDP PPP$$12.95 billion (2009) (-)
GDP (PPP) per capita$2,900 (-)
Other information
Currency  Jordanian dinarc
Egyptian Poundd
Israeli new sheqele (JOD, EGP, ILS)
Calling code+970f

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The Palestinian Authority (PA; Al-Sulṭa Al-Waṭaniyyah Al-Filasṭīniyyah) is the administrative organization established to govern parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. However, since then it has named itself Palestinian National Authority.

The Palestinian Authority was formed in 1994, pursuant to the Oslo Accords between the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and the government of Israel, as a five-year interim body, during which final status negotiations between the two parties were to take place. , more than sixteen years following the formulation of the PNA, a final status has yet to be reached. According to the Oslo Accords, the Palestinian Authority was designated to have control over both security-related and civilian issues in Palestinian urban areas (referred to as "Area A"), and only civilian control over Palestinian rural areas ("Area B"). The remainder of the territories, including Israeli settlements, the Jordan Valley region, and bypass roads between Palestinian communities, were to remain under exclusive Israeli control ("Area C"). East Jerusalem was excluded from the Accords.

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