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Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star

P-80A 44-85004
Aircraft Type
NameP-80 / F-80 Shooting Star
RoleJet Fighter
National originUnited States
Designed byClarence "Kelly" Johnson
First flight8 January 1944
Primary userUnited States Air Force
United States Navy
Number built1715
Unit costUS$110,000 in 1945
VariantsLockheed T-33 Shooting Star
F-94 Starfire

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The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the first jet fighter used operationally by the United States Army Air Forces. Designed in 1943 as a response to the German Messerschmitt Me-262 jet fighter, and delivered in just 143 days from the start of the design process, production models were flying but not ready for service by the end of World War II. Designed with straight wings, the type saw extensive combat in Korea with the United States Air Force as the F-80. America's first successful turbojet-powered combat aircraft, it helped usher in the "jet age" in the USAF, but was outclassed with the appearance of the swept-wing transonic MiG-15 and quickly replaced in the air superiority role by the North American F-86 Sabre. The F-94 Starfire, an all-weather interceptor on the same airframe, also saw Korean war service. The closely-related T-33 Shooting Star trainer would remain in service with the U.S. Air Force and Navy until the 1970s and many still serve in a military role or and in private hands in the present day.

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