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Full nameUrmia
Official nameUrmia
Native nameUrmu Wirmê ورمێ
Other nameOrumieh
Settlement typeCity
ProvinceWest Azerbaijan Province
MayorEbrahim Bazian
Elevation4370 ft (1332 m)
Total Population871204 (2006)
Population Rank in Iran10th
Other information
Time zoneIRST (UTC+3:30)
- Summer (DST)IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code0441, 0443

     Home | City | Orumiyeh

Urmia, or sometimes spelled, Oroumieh, Orumieh ( Persian:ارومیه; Azerbaijani: Urmu or Urmiyə; Kurdish: Wirmê / Urmê ), during the majority of the Pahlavi Dynasty [1925 1979] called in , ), is a city in Northwestern Iran and the capital of West Azerbaijan Province. The city lies on an altitude of 1,330 m above sea level on the Shahar Chay river (City River). Urmia is the 10th most populated city in Iran with a population of about 650,000 and more than 900,000 for its county. The population is predominantly Azerbaijani and Kurdish with Assyrian and Armenian minorities.

Urmia is situated on a fertile plain called Urmia Plain, on western side of Lake Urmia; and eastern side of Turkish border and marginal range of mountains.

Urmia is the trade center for a fertile agricultural region where fruit (especially Apple and Grape) and Tobacco are grown. An important town by the 9th cent., Urmia was seized by the Seljuk Turks (1184), and later occupied a number of times by the Ottoman Turks. Urmia was the seat of the first U.S. Christian mission in Iran (1835). Around AD 1900, Christians made up more than 40% of the city's population, however, most of the Christians fled in 1918.

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