Omar Bongo
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Omar Bongo

Bongo in 2004
Personal data
Date of birth30 December 1935
Place of birthLewai, French Equatorial Africa (now Bongoville, Gabon)
Date of death08 June 2009(age 73)
Place of deathBarcelona, Spain
Political partyDemocratic Party
SpouseLouise Mouyabi Moukala (1955 � 1959)
Patience Dabany (1959 � 1986)
Edith Lucie Bongo (1990 � 2009)
Children30+ (by various partners)
President of Gabon
In office2 December 1967 - 8 June 2009
PresidentDidjob Divungi Di Ndinge
Prime ministerLéon Mébiame
Casimir Oyé-Mba
Paulin Obame-Nguema
Jean-François Ntoutoume Emane
Jean Eyeghe Ndong
Vice PresidentDidjob Divungi Di Ndinge
Succeeded byRose Francine Rogombé
Preceded byLéon M'ba

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El Hadj Omar Bongo Ondimba (30 December 1935 � 8 June 2009), born as Albert-Bernard Bongo, was a Gabonese politician who was President of Gabon for 42 years from 1967 until his death in office in 2009.

Omar Bongo was promoted to key positions as a young official under Gabon's first President Leon M'ba in the 1960s, before being elevated to Vice-President from 1966 to 1967, eventually succeeding M'ba to become Gabon's second President upon the latter's death in 1967.

Bongo headed the single-party regime of the Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG) until 1990, when he was forced to introduce multi-party politics in Gabon in the face of great public pressure. He then survived intense opposition to his rule in the early 1990s, succeeding in consolidating power again mainly by bringing most of the major opposition leaders of the 1990s over to his side. He was re-elected in extremely controversial 1993 presidential election, and again in the subsequent elections of 1998 and 2005, with his respective majorities increasing and the opposition becoming more subdued on each election. After Cuban President Fidel Castro stepped down in February 2008, Bongo became the world's longest-serving non-monarch ruler.

An ardent Francophile, Bongo was largely praised by French officials as a friend of France and Françafrique, but was criticized for in effect having worked for France, himself, his family and local elites and not for Gabon and its people. For instance, French green politician Eva Joly claimed that during Bongo's long reign, despite an oil-led GDP per capita the level of Portugal's, Gabon built only 5 km of freeway a year and still had one of the world's highest infant mortality rates by the time of his death in 2009.

After Bongo's death in June 2009, his son Ali Bongo—who had long been assigned key ministerial responsibilities by his father—was elected to succeed him in August 2009.

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Why diamonds can't be Robert Mugabe's best friend - Christian Science Monitor Tweet this news
Christian Science Monitor---Omar Bongo- caught it and, forgivingly, died before his people suffered too grievously. Mubarak of Egypt is another victim. The disease is not without cures, ... - Date : Thu, 15 Jul 2010 20:26:17 GMT+00:00
Naomi Campbell «victime» de la générosité de Charles Taylor - lejourguinee Tweet this news
lejourguinee--Dans cette forme de «générosité», le défunt président gabonais -Omar Bongo- était imbattable. Sa réputation dans ce domaine n'est en rien surfaite. ... - Date : Thu, 05 Aug 2010 19:16:47 GMT+00:00
Oil a State Affair - Africa Intelligence (press release) (subscription) Tweet this news
Africa Intelligence (press release) (subscription)--Maixent has long-standing ties with -Bongo-. He held a senior post at the defense ministry when Ali was minister under his late father, -Omar Bongo-. ... - Date : Tue, 15 Jun 2010 13:57:38 GMT+00:00
Good Morning! - KWTX Tweet this news
KWTX---Omar Bongo-, 73, the world's longest-serving president who'd ruled Gabon for 42 years, died at a Spanish hospital.--- - Date : Tue, 08 Jun 2010 11:48:03 GMT+00:00
Gabon hopes for cash for forest protection - afrol News Tweet this news
afrol News---Omar Bongo-, Gabon's ex-President and father of the incumbent, may have acted five years too early when he decided to effectively protect large parts of his ... - Date : Wed, 26 May 2010 19:17:57 GMT+00:00
Africa's political dynasties: part one - France24 Tweet this news
France24--“There is no dauphin,” declared Gabon's late president -Omar Bongo- as he basked in his sixth straight election victory in 2005, ... - Date : Tue, 13 Apr 2010 14:14:03 GMT+00:00
Gabon union suspends strike, will talk with government - Reuters South Africa Tweet this news
Reuters South Africa---Bongo- won a disputed election last year to replace his long-running late father -Omar-, pledging to crack down on corruption and civil service cronyism and to ... - Date : Sat, 17 Apr 2010 10:52:58 GMT+00:00

Political offices
Preceded by
Léon M'ba
President of Gabon
1967 - 2009
Succeeded by
Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge
Preceded by
Paul-Marie Yembit
Vice President of Gabon
1966 - 1967
Succeeded by
Léon Mébiame
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
{{nowrap|Chairperson of the Organisation of African Unity}}{{nowrap|Chairperson of the Organisation of African Unity}}
1977 - 1978
Succeeded by
Gaafar Nimeiry

Presidents of Gabon

Léon M'ba * Omar Bongo * Didjob Divungi Di Ndinge (Acting) * Rose Francine Rogombé (Acting) * Ali Bongo Ondimba

Prime Ministers and Vice Presidents of Gabon

Prime Ministers: M'Ba * Bongo * Mébiame * Oyé-Mba * Obame-Nguema * Ntoutoume Emane * Eyeghe Ndong * Biyoghé Mba
Vice Presidents: Yembit * Bongo * Mébiame * Vacant * Di Ndinge

Chairpersons of the Organization of African Unity and the African Union (AU)

Selassie * Nasser * Nkrumah * Ankrah * Selassie * Mobutu * Boumédienne * Ahidjo * Kaunda * Daddah * Hassan II * Gowon * Barre * Amin * Ramgoolam * Bongo * Nimeiry * Tolbert * Senghor * Stevens * Moi * Mengistu * Nyerere * Diouf * Nguesso * Kaunda * Traoré * Mubarak * Museveni * Babangida * Diouf * Mubarak * Ben Ali * Meles * Biya * Mugabe * Compaoré * Bouteflika * Eyadéma * Chiluba * Mwanawasa * Mbeki * Chissano * Obasanjo * Nguesso * Kufuor * Kikwete * al-Gaddafi * Mutharika |

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