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Olinda

Administration
Full nameOlinda
Official nameThe Municipality of Olinda
Settlement typeMunicipality
CountryBrazil
RegionNortheast
StatePernambuco
Founded1535
Incorporated (as village)1537
Incorporated (as city)1676
Government
MayorRenildo V. Calheiros
Geography
Total Area27.1 sq mi (70.2 km2)
Metro Area1068.7 sq mi (2767.9 km2)
Elevation52.5 ft (16 m)
Demography
Total Population397.268 (2009)
Density (pop.)5.7/km2 (14.659/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)3768902
Other information
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
HDI (2000)0.792 medium

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Olinda (-ptoˈlĩdɐ) is a historic city in the Brazilian state of Pernambuco, located on the country's northeastern Atlantic Ocean coast, just north of Recife and south of Paulista. It has a population of 397.268 people and is one of the best-preserved colonial cities in Brazil.

Olinda features a number of major touristic attractions, such as a historic downtown area (World Heritage Site), churches, and the Carnival of Olinda, a popular street party, very similar to traditional Portuguese carnivals, with the addition of African influenced dances. Unlike in Rio de Janeiro and Salvador, in Olinda, admission to Carnival is free. All the festivities are celebrated on the streets, and there are no bleachers or roping. There are hundreds of small musical groups (sometimes featuring a single performer) in many genres.


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