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Oklahoma Legislature

NameOklahoma Legislature
Coa PicSeal of Oklahoma.svg
Session RoomOklahoma State Capitol.jpg
House TypeBicameral
HousesSenate
House of Representatives
Leader1 TypePresident Pro Tem of the Senate
Leader1Brian Bingman
Party1(R)
Election1January 4, 2011
Leader2 TypeSenate Minority Leader
Leader2Andrew Rice
Party2(D)
Election2January 4, 2011
Leader3 TypeSpeaker of the House
Leader3Kris Steele
Party3(R)
Election3January 4, 2011
Leader4 TypeHouse Minority Leader
Leader4Scott Inman
Party4(D)
Election4January 4, 2011
Members149
Political Groups1Democratic Party
Republican Party
Last Election1November 2, 2010
Meeting PlaceOklahoma State Capitol, Oklahoma City

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The Legislature of the State of Oklahoma is the biennial meeting of the legislative branch of the government of Oklahoma. It is bicameral, comprising the Oklahoma House of Representatives and the Oklahoma Senate, with all members elected directly by the people. The House of Representatives has 101 members, each serving a two-year term. The Senate has 48 members, each serving a four-year term. Members of both houses are elected from single member districts of equal population. Senators serve a staggered term, such that only half of the senate districts have elections in any election year.

The Oklahoma Constitution vests all legislative powers of the state government in the Legislature. The Legislature exercises the legislative power by enacting Oklahoma law. The Legislature may legislate on any subject and has certain "necessary and proper" powers as may be required for carrying into effect the provisions of the Oklahoma Constitution. The powers of the Legislature are only limited by the powers reserved to the people, namely initiative and referendum.

The Senate and House of Representatives are co-equal houses. However, there are some special powers granted to one chamber only. The Senate's advice and consent is required for gubernatorial appointments to high-level executive positions. Bills for raising revenue may only originate in the House of Representatives. All bills approved by the Legislature must be sent to the Governor of Oklahoma for approval.

The Oklahoma Legislature meets in the Oklahoma Capitol in Oklahoma City. The upcoming (2011 2012) legislative session will be the 53rd Legislature of the State of Oklahoma.


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