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Full nameOdesa (Одеса)
Official nameOdesa (Одеса)
Other nameOdessa (Одесса)
OblastOdessa Oblast
City MunicipalityFlag of Odessa, Ukraine.svg Odessa
Port foundedSeptember 2, 1794
MayorAlexey Kostusev
Total Area91.4 sq mi (236.9 km2)
Elevation131.2 ft (40 m)
Highest Elevation213.3 ft (65 m)
Lowest Elevation-13.8 ft (-4.2 m)
Total Population(-)1,006,242 (July 1, 2011)
Density (pop.)6141/km2 (15905.2/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)1,191,0001
DemonymOdessit / Odessitka
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code65000 - 65480
Area code+380 48

     Home | City | Odessa

For other uses, see Odessa (disambiguation)Odessa or Odesa ( , -ukɔ'dɛsɑpron; , -ruɐ'dʲesːəpron) is the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast (province) located in southern Ukraine. The city is a major seaport located on the northwest shore of the Black Sea and the fourth largest city in Ukraine with a population of 1,029,000 (as of the 2001 census).

The predecessor of Odessa, a small Tatar settlement, was founded by Hacı I Giray, the Khan of Crimea, in 1240 and originally named after him as "Hacıbey". After a period of Lithuanian control, it passed into the domain of the Ottoman Sultan in 1529 and remained in Ottoman hands until the Ottoman Empire's defeat in the Russo-Turkish War of 1792. The city of Odessa was founded by a decree of the Empress Catherine the Great in 1794. From 1819 to 1858 Odessa was a free port. During the Soviet period it was the most important port of trade in the Soviet Union and a Soviet naval base. On January 1, 2000 the Quarantine Pier of Odessa trade sea port was declared a free port and free economic zone for a term of 25 years.

In the 19th century it was the fourth largest city of Imperial Russia, after Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Warsaw. Its historical architecture has a style more Mediterranean than Russian, having been heavily influenced by French and Italian styles. Some buildings are built in a mixture of different styles, including Art Nouveau, Renaissance and Classicist.

Odessa is a warm water port, but is of limited military value. The city of Odessa hosts two important ports: Odessa itself and Yuzhne (also an internationally important oil terminal), situated in the city's suburbs. Another important port, Illichivs'k, is located in the same oblast, to the south-west of Odessa. Together they represent a major transport hub integrating with railways. Odessa's oil and chemical processing facilities are connected to Russia's and EU's respective networks by strategic pipelines.

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