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En NameNovocherkassk
Ru NameНовочеркасск
Image SkylineNovoch Triumph arc.JPG
Image CaptionA triumphal arch, erected to commemorate the Cossack victories over Napoleon
Map Label Positiontop
Image CoaCoat of arms of Novocherkassk.JPG
Federal SubjectRostov Oblast
Inhabloc CatCity
Urban Okrug JurNovocherkassk Urban Okrug
Leader TitleHead of Administration
Leader NameAnatoly Volkov
Representative BodyCouncil of Deputies
Area Km2100
Pop 2010census169039
Pop 2010census Rank108th
Pop 2002census170822
Pop 2002census Rank102nd
Established Date1805
Postal Codes3464xx
Dialing Codes8635
DateMay 2010

     Home | City | Novocherkassk

Novocherkassk ( ) is a city in Rostov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Tuzlov River and on the Aksay River. Population: 169,039 (2010 Census preliminary results); 170,822 (2002 Census); 178,000 (1974); 123,000 (1959); 81,000 (1939); 52,000 (1897).

Novocherkassk was founded in 1805 by Matvei Platov, as the administrative center of the Don Voisko Lands, when the inhabitants of the stanitsa of Cherkassk were compelled to leave their abodes on the banks of the Don on account of the frequent inundations. Later Novocherkassk served as the administrative center of the Don Voisko Oblast.

During the Russian Civil War, Novocherkassk was the heart of the Don counterrevolution and was under the command of Aleksei Maksimovich Kaledin. The Red Army finally ousted the Whites from this town on January 7, 1920. During World War II, Novocherkassk was occupied by the German army between July 24, 1942 and February 13, 1943. In 1962, the local food riots were brutally suppressed by the Soviet Army in the event known as the Novocherkassk Massacre.

Novocherkassk was once an archiepiscopal see of the Greek Orthodox Church and has a cathedral (1904), the palace of the ataman of the Cossacks, and monuments to Matvei Platov and Yermak Timofeyevich (Mikeshin, 1904). During the bicentenary celebrations in September 2005 another monument, dedicated to the reconciliation of White and Red Cossacks, was opened in the presence of the members of the Romanov family.

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