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Novi Sad

Novi Sad
Full nameNovi Sad
Official nameNovi Sad
Native nameНови Сад
Nový Sad
Нови Сад
Settlement typeCity
DistrictSouth Bačka
City status1 February 1748
MayorIgor Pavličić (DS)
Total Area269.9 sq mi (699 km2)
Urban Area49.9 sq mi (129.2 km2)
Elevation262 ft (79.9 m)
Urban (pop.)293508
Metro (pop.)381388
Other information
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code21000
Area code+381(0)21
Car platesNS

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Novi Sad (Serbian Cyrillic: Нови Сад, -shnɔ̝̂v̞iː sâːdpronNoviSad is the capital of the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina, and the administrative centre of the South Bačka District. The city is located in the southern part of Pannonian Plain on the Danube river.

Novi Sad is the second largest city in Serbia, after Belgrade. According to August 2011 data, the city has an urban population of 293,508, while its municipal population was 381,388. It is located on the border of the Bačka and Srem regions, on the banks of the Danube river and Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal, facing the northern slopes of Fruška Gora mountain.

The city was founded in 1694, when Serb merchants formed a colony across the Danube from the Petrovaradin fortress, a Habsburg strategic military post. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it became an important merchant and manufacturing centre, as well as a centre of Serbian culture of that period, earning the nickname Serbian Athens. The city was heavily devastated in the 1848 Revolution, but it was subsequently restored. During the city's long history, it has maintained its multi-cultural identity, with Serbs, Hungarians and Germans being the main ethnic groups. Today, Novi Sad is an industrial and financial centre of the Serbian economy, as well as a major cultural hub.

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