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Northampton

Northampton
Administration
Full nameBorough of Northampton
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionEast Midlands
Ceremonial countyNorthamptonshire
Government
Admin. HQNorthampton
TypeNorthampton Borough Council
Mayor of the Borough and Chair 2011 2012
Cllr Jamie Lane
Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
Cllr David Palethorpe
Executive:Conservative
MPs:Brian Binley,
Michael Ellis
Geography
Total Area0 sq mi (  km2)
Area rank 
Demography
Total Population{{formatnum: |R}} (Ranked  ) ( )
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
DemonymNorthamptonian
Other information
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
- Summer (DST)British Summer Time (UTC+1)
PostcodeNN1-NN6
ONS code34UF
Ethnicity86.1% White
6.4% S.Asian
3.9% Black British
2.1% Mixed Race
2.3% Chinese or other

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Northampton (-ennɔrˈθæmptənpronen-uk-Northampton is a large market town and local government district in the East Midlands region of England. Situated about 67 mi (107.8 km) north-west of London and around 50 mi (80.5 km) south-east of Birmingham, Northampton lies on the River Nene and is the county town of Northamptonshire. The demonym of Northampton is Northamptonian.

Original settlements in Northampton date back to the 6th century. Its modern development is largely due to its rapid population increase since the 1960s after a planned expansion occurred under the New Towns Commission in the early 1970s. In 2001, its urban area population was 197,199 while its town population was 189,474, making Northampton the 27th largest settlement in England, and the UK's 3rd largest town without official city status after Reading and Dudley. Northampton is the most populous district in England that is not a unitary authority, a status it failed to obtain in the 1990s local government reform.

Northampton has a history of the manufacture of boots and shoes yet engineering has taken over as a modern key industry; other industries include food processing, brewing, and the manufacture of shoe machinery, cosmetics, leather goods, and car accessories. At present, the major employers are public administration, financial services, and the distribution trade.


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