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Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island
General information
Common nameNorfolk Island
Local nameNorfolk Island
NameNorfolk Island
AnthemOfficial God Save the Queen / Un-official Pitcairn Anthem
Largest cityBurnt Pine
Official languagesEnglish, Norfuk.
GovernmentSelf-governing territory
Head of StateQueen Elizabeth II represented by the Governor-General of Australia
AdministratorOwen Walsh (Acting 2007-2008) (2008 - )
Chief MinisterDavid Buffett (2010-)
Self-governing territorySelf-governing territory
Norfolk Island Act1979
Total Area13.3 sq mi (34.4 km2) (227th)
Water %negligible
Population Est.2141
Density (pop.)62.1/km2 (161/sq mi)
Other information
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Time zoneNFT (Norfolk Island Time) (UTC+11:30)
Drives on theleft
Calling code672

     Home | State | Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island -enˈnɔrfək ˈaɪlənden-us-Norfolk Island.ogg (Norfuk: Norfuk Ailen ) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories.

Originally colonised by East Polynesians, Norfolk Island was colonised by Britain as part of its settlement in Australia in 1788. It then served as a convict penal settlement until 1794, when it was abandoned until 1856, when permanent residence on the island for civilians began. In 1901, the island became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia which it has remained until this day.

The evergreen Norfolk Island pine is a symbol of the island and thus pictured on its flag (see illustration). Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also in Europe.

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