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Full nameNiš
Official nameNiš
Native nameНиш
Settlement typeCity
Mayor of NišMiloš Simonović (DS)
Ruling partiesDS/G17+/SPS
Total Area230.4 sq mi (597 km2)
Elevation639.8 ft (195 m)
Total Population279564 (2002)
Other information
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code18000
Area code(+381) 18
Car platesNI

     Home | City | Nis

Niš (Serbian: Ниш, -shnîːʃpronNish is the largest city of southern Serbia and third-largest city in Serbia (after Belgrade and Novi Sad). According to the data from 2005, the city area of Niš has 255,295 inhabitants. while the city proper had 231,590. The city covers an area of about 597 km2, including the urban area, Niš spa town and 69 suburbs. Niš is the administrative center of the Nišava District.

It is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans and Europe, and has from ancient times been considered a gateway between the East and the West. The Paleo-Balkan Thracians were formed in the Iron Age, the Triballi tribe would dwell here prior to the Celtic invasion in 279 BC which established the Scordisci as masters of the region. Naissus was among the cities taken in the Roman conquest in 75 BC. The Romans built the Via Militaris in the 1st century, with Naissus being one of the key towns. Niš is also notable as the birthplace of Constantine the Great, the first Christian Roman Emperor and the founder of Constantinople, as well as two other Roman emperors, Constantius III and Justin I. It is home to one of Serbia's oldest Christian churches dating to the 4th century in the suburb of Mediana.

There are about 30,000 students at the University of Niš, which comprises 13 faculties. Niš is also one of the most important industrial centres in Serbia, a center of electronics industry (see Elektronska Industrija Niš), industry of mechanical engineering, textile- and tobacco industry. Constantine the Great Airport is its international airport. In 2013 the city will host the Ecumenical Assembly of Christian Churches, to mark 1700 years of Constantine's Edict of Milan.

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