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Full nameNishapur
Official nameNishapur
Native nameنیشابور
Other nameNishabur
ProvinceRazavi Khorasan
CountyNishapur County
Elevation4101 ft (1250 m)
Total Population205972 (2006)
Other information
Time zoneIRST (UTC+3:30)

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Nishapur or Nishabur ( ), is a city in the Razavi Khorasan province in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains, near the regional capital of Mashhad. Nishapur derived its name from its alleged founder, the Sasanian king Shapur.

The region's economy is largely agricultural, based on grain and cotton, and it is also the second industrial city in Khorasan, and it is one of the most prosperous localities in Iran, although somewhat blighted by drug smuggling from nearby Afghanistan. It had a population of 205,972 people according to 2006 census. The main east-west railway line through Iran passes through the town. The region is very prone to earthquakes, with the most recent significant ones occurring in 1986 and 1997.

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