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Nestor Makhno

Personal data
Date of birthOctober 26, 1888
Place of birthHuliaipole, Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine)
Date of deathJuly 6, 1934
Place of deathParis, France
NationalityUkrainian
EthnicityUkrainian
Political partyNone (Anarchist communism)
SpouseAgafya Kuzmenko
ChildrenYelena
OccupationAnarcho-communist revolutionary, guerrilla commander, writer, peasant, painter, stagehand
ReligionNone (Atheist)
Free Territory
In officeJanuary 5, 1919 - August 28, 1921

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Nestor Ivanovych Makhno or simply Daddy Makhno ( , ; July 6, 1934) was a Ukrainian anarcho-communist guerrilla leader turned army commander who led an independent anarchist army in Ukraine during the Russian Civil War.

A commander of the peasant Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, also known as the Anarchist Black Army, Makhno led a guerrilla campaign during the Russian Civil War. He supported the Bolsheviks, the Ukrainian Directory, the Bolsheviks again, and then turned to organizing the Free Territory of Ukraine, an anarchist society, committed to resisting state authority, whether capitalist or communist. This project was cut short by the consolidation of Bolshevik power. Makhno was described by anarchist theorist Emma Goldman as "an extraordinary figure" leading a revolutionary peasants' movement. He is also credited as the inventor of the tachanka, a horse-drawn platform mounting a heavy machine gun.


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