A major industrial center, Naberezhnye Chelny stands on the Kama River some 225 km east of Kazan near Nizhnekamsk Reservoir. It serves as the administrative center of Tukayevsky District, although it is not administratively a part of it. Population:
It is reported to have been founded in 1172. It was granted town status on August 10, 1930, and was called Brezhnev (after Leonid Brezhnev) from 1982 to 1988.
Kamaz and ZMA trucks are produced there, and the city is one of the largest planned centers in the world related to vehicle production. With more than two square miles dedicated to production, the Kamaz plant is the largest vehicle factory in the world.
SPRUT Technology, JSC. oldest Russian's developers of PC-based CAx software including SprutCAM was founded at 1987 in Naberezhnye Chelny.
FC KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny is a football club based in Naberezhnye Chelny, playing in the Russian First Division.
Alkonost, a Russian doom-folk metal band was formed in Naberezhnye Chelny in 1995.