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Muhammad of Ghor

Muhammad of Ghor
Sultan Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Ghori
Monarch information
NameMuizz-ud-din Muhammad bin Sām
BuriedDamik, Jhelum District, Pakistan
PredecessorGhiyāṣ-ud-din Muhammad bin Sām
SuccessorQutbuddin Aibak
Royal HouseGhurid dynasty
FatherMalik Baha-ud-din Sām bin Hussain
Religious beliefsSunni Islam

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Sultan Shahāb-ud-Din Muhammad Ghori (also Ghauri, Ghouri) ( ), originally called Mu'izzuddīn Muḥammad Bin Sām (and also referred to by Orientalists as Muhammad of Ghor) (1150 15 March 1206), was a ruler of the Ghurid dynasty who reigned over a territory spanning present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan and northern India.

Shahabuddin Ghori reconquered the city of Ghazna (in modern-day Afghanistan) in 1173, and assisted his brother Ghiyasuddin in his contest with Khwarezmid Empire for the lordship of Khorāsān. Shahabuddin Ghori captured Multan and Uch in 1175 and annexed the Ghaznavid principality of Lahore in 1186. After the death of his brother Ghiyas-ud-Din in 1202, he became the successor of his empire and ruled until his assassination in 1206 near Jhelum (in modern-day Pakistan).

A confused struggle then ensued among the remaining Ghūrid leaders, and the Khwarezmids were able to take over the Ghūrids' empire in about 1215. Though the Ghūrids' empire was short-lived, Shahabuddin Ghori's conquests strengthened the foundations of Muslim rule in India.

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