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Morarji Desai

Personal data
Date of birth29 February 1896
Place of birthBhadeli, British India
Date of death10 April 1996(age 100)
Place of deathNew Delhi, India
Political partyJanata Dal (1988 1995)
Other partyIndian National Congress (Before 1969)
Indian National Congress-Organisation (1969 1977)
Janata Party (1977 1988)
Alma materWilson College, Mumbai
ProfessionCivil servant
Prime Minister of India
In office24 March 1977 - 28 July 1979
PresidentBasappa Danappa Jatti (Acting)
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Succeeded byCharan Singh
Preceded byIndira Gandhi
Minister of Home Affairs
In office1 July 1978 - 28 July 1979
Succeeded byYashwantrao Chavan
Preceded byCharan Singh
Deputy Prime Minister of India
In office13 March 1967 - 16 July 1969
Prime ministerIndira Gandhi
Succeeded byCharan Singh
Jagjivan Ram
Preceded byVallabhbhai Patel
Minister of Finance
In office13 March 1967 - 16 July 1969
Prime ministerIndira Gandhi
Succeeded byIndira Gandhi
Preceded bySachindra Chaudhuri
In office13 March 1958 - 29 August 1963
Prime ministerJawaharlal Nehru
Succeeded byTiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachari
Preceded byJawaharlal Nehru

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Morarji Ranchhodji Desai ( ) (29 February 1896 10 April 1996) was an Indian independence activist and the fourth Prime Minister of India from 1977 79. He was the first Indian Prime Minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress. After assuming the office, Desai promoted his policies and peace initiatives between Pakistan and India to avoid conflicts, such as Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. For this, he was conferred with Nishaan-e-Pakistan (Order of Pakistan). Desai is the first Indian national to receive the highest civilian awards from both India and Pakistan, the Bharat Ratna and Nishaan-e-Pakistan. Actor Dilip Kumar was the second Indian to receive the Nishaan-e-Pakistan Award.

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