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Full nameMoncton
Official nameMoncton
Settlement typeCity
( )
ProvinceNew Brunswick
First settled1733
Incorporated1855, 1875
MayorGeorge LeBlanc
Governing BodyMoncton City Council
MPRobert R. Goguen
MLAsJohn Betts
Marie-Claude Blais
Chris Collins
Susan Stultz
Total Area54.51 sq mi (141.2 km2)
Urban Area56 sq mi (145 km2)
Metro Area929 sq mi (2406.1 km2)
Highest Elevation229.7 ft (70 m)
Lowest Elevation0 ft (0 m)
Total Population64,128 rank (79th) (2006)
Density (pop.)429.8/km2 (1113.4/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)97,065 rank (30th)
Metro (pop.)126,424 rank (29th)
Other information
Time zoneAST (UTC−4)
- Summer (DST)ADT (UTC−3)
Canadian Postal codeE1A-E1G
Area code506
NTS Map021I02

     Home | City | Moncton

Moncton (c-eniconˈmʌŋktən) is a Canadian city, located in Westmorland County, New Brunswick. The city is situated in southeastern New Brunswick, within the Petitcodiac River Valley, and lies at the geographic centre of the Maritime Provinces. The city has gained the nickname "Hub City" because of its central location and also because Moncton has historically been the railway and land transportation hub for the Maritime Provinces.

The city proper has a population of 64,128 (2006). The Moncton CMA has a population of 126,424 (2006) and has one of the top ten fastest growth rates amongst metropolitan areas in Canada and is also the fastest growing urban region east of Toronto. The CMA includes the neighbouring city of Dieppe and the town of Riverview, as well as adjacent suburban areas in Westmorland and Albert counties.

Although the area was originally settled in 1733, Moncton is considered to have been officially founded in 1766 with the arrival of Pennsylvania Dutch immigrants from Philadelphia. Initially an agricultural settlement, Moncton was not incorporated until 1855. It was named after Lt. Col. Robert Monckton, the British officer who had captured nearby Fort Beauséjour a century earlier, and who, promoted to Brigadier, was second-in-command to General James Wolfe at the victorious Siege of Quebec in 1759, which effectively ended France's hold on her North American colonies. A significant wooden shipbuilding industry had developed in the community by the mid 19th century, allowing for incorporation, but the shipbuilding economy collapsed in the 1860s. The town subsequently lost its charter in 1862 but regained it in 1875 when the community's economy rebounded, mainly due to a growing railway industry. In 1871, the Intercolonial Railway of Canada chose Moncton to be its headquarters, and Moncton remained a railroad town for well over a century until the closure of the Canadian National Railway (CNR) locomotive shops in the late 1980s.

Although the economy of Moncton was traumatized twice-by the collapse of the shipbuilding industry in the 1860s and by the closure of the CNR locomotive shops in the 1980s-the city was able to rebound strongly on both occasions. The city adopted the motto Resurgo after its rebirth as a railway town. At present, the city's economy is stable and diversified, primarily based on its traditional transportation, distribution, retailing and commercial heritage, but also supplemented by strength in the educational, health care, financial, information technology and insurance sectors. The strength of the economy has received national recognition and the local unemployment rate is consistently less than the national average.

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