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Markham, Ontario

Markham Ontario
Administration
Full nameTown of Markham
Official nameTown of Markham
MottoLeading While Remembering
CountryCanada
Province 
Regional MunicipalityYork Region
CommunitiesList of subdivisions
Buttonville
Cornell
Greensborough
Milliken
Unionville
Wismer
Settled1794
Incorporated1972 (town)
Government
MayorFrank Scarpitti
Deputy MayorJack Heath
Regional CouncillorsJim Jones, Joe Li, Gordon Landon
MPsList of MPs
Peter Kent (Con) - Thornhill
John McCallum (Lib) - Markham-Unionville
Paul Calandra (Con) - Oak Ridges-Markham
MPPsList of MPPs
Peter Shurman (Con) - Thornhill
Michael Chan (Lib) - Markham-Unionville
Helena Jaczek (Lib) - Oak Ridges-Markham
Geography
Total Area82 sq mi (212.47 km2)
Elevation656.2 ft (200 m)
Demography
Total Population261573 (Ranked 16th) (2006)
Other information
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Area code905, 289
ISO 3166-2CA-ON

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Markham (c-eniconˈmɑrkəm Mark-Am) is a town in the Regional Municipality of York, located within the Greater Toronto Area of Southern Ontario, Canada. The population was 261,573 at the 2006 Canadian census. The town is the fourth largest community within Greater Toronto after Toronto, Mississauga and Brampton.

The town gained its name from the first Lieutenant-Governor of Upper Canada, John Graves Simcoe, who named the area after his friend, William Markham, the Archbishop of York at the time. The first European settlement in Markham occurred when William Berczy, a German artist and developer led a group of approximately sixty-four German families to North America. While initially planning to settle in New York, disputes over finances and land tenure there would eventually lead to Berczy to negotiate with Simcoe for in Markham Township. Throughout much of Markham's history, the community has been described as an agricultural community. A turn towards a more urbanized community within the township began after World War II when the township had began to feel the effects of urban encroachment from Toronto. The completion of Highway 404 during the mid 1970s further accelerated urban development in Markham.

While historically the town was mainly an agricultural community, Markham today is mainly driven by its tertiary industry. Business services is currently the number one employer in Markham with nearly 22% of its labour force employed in it. The town also currently has over 800 technology and life sciences companies, with IBM being the town's largest employer. A number of multinational companies also have their Canadian headquarters located in Markham including Advanced Micro Devices, American Express, Johnson & Johnson, Apple Inc., Avaya, IBM, Motorola and Toshiba.


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