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Mariupol

Mariupol
Administration
Full nameMariupol
Official nameMariupol
Native nameМаріуполь
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Donetsk Oblast
Mariupol City Municipality
Founded1778
City rights1779
Government
MayorYury Yuryevich Khotlubey
Geography
Total Area64.1 sq mi (166|area_land_km2= km2)
Demography
Total Population490063 (01.06.2010)
Density (pop.)2058|pushpin_map=Ukraine/km2 (5330.2/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)519,000 
Other information
Postal code87500-87590
Area code+380 629

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Mariupol ( , pronounced -ukmariˈupʌlʲ; ; ), formerly known as Zhdanov (Ukrainian and Russian: Жда́нов), is a port city in southeastern Ukraine. It is located on the coast of the Azov Sea, at the mouth of the Kalmius River. Mariupol is the largest city in Priazovye - a geographical region around Azov Sea, divided by Russia and Ukraine - and is also a popular sea resort. Administratively, the city is located in the Donetsk oblast and historically formed a part of the broader Donbas region. As of June 1, 2010, the city population stood at 490,063 people.

Mariupol is an important industrial centre and seaport. Two of its steel mills - Ilyich Iron and Steel Works and Azovstal - are among the largest in the country and make up a significant part of Ukraine's total exports. «Azovmash», a machine-building concern, located in Mariupol, is the largest company of its kind in Ukraine. Overall, Mariupol industry accounts for 37.5% of Donetsk oblast’s total exports and about 7.0% of all Ukraine’s exports.

From 1948 to 1989 the city was named Zhdanov in honour of Andrei Zhdanov and has historically had a relatively large Greek minority.


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