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Full nameState of Maranhão
Native name langpt
Settlement typeState
Capital and Largest CitySão Luís
GovernorRoseana Sarney
Vice GovernorJoão Alberto
Total Area128145.6 sq mi (331983.293 km2)
Area rank8th
Total Population6569683 (10th) (2010 census)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (16th) (0/sq mi)
Year2006 estimate
TotalR$ 28,621,000,000 (16th)
Per capitaR$ 4,628 (26th)
Category0.683 - medium (26th)
Other information
Time zoneBRT (UTC-3)
- Summer (DST)BRST (UTC-2)
Postal Code65000-000 to 65990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-MA

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Maranhão (-ptmaɾɐ̃ˈɲɐ̃w̃) is a northeastern state of Brazil. To the north lies the Atlantic Ocean. Maranhão is neighbored by the (clockwise from east) states of Piauí, Tocantins and Pará. The people of Maranhão have a distinctive accent. Maranhão is described in books such as The Land of the Palm Trees, by Gonçalves Dias, and Casas de Pensão by Aluísio Azevedo.

The dunes of Lençóis are an important area of environmental preservation. Also of interest is the state capital of São Luís, designated a Unesco World Heritage Site. Another important conservation area is the Parnaíba River delta, between the states of Maranhão and Piauí, with its lagoons, desert dunes and deserted beaches or islands, such as the Caju island, which shelters rare birds.

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