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Aerial view of Polana and the bay
Full nameMaputo
Lourenço Marques
Official nameMaputo
Lourenço Marques
Municipal Council PresidentDavid Simango
Total Area133.6 sq mi (346 km2)
Total Population1244227 (2006)
Other information
Time zoneCAT (UTC+2)
Area code(+258) 21-XX-XX-XX
ISO 3166 codeMZ

     Home | City | Maputo

Maputo, also known as Lourenço Marques, is the capital and largest city of Mozambique. It is known as the City of Acacias in reference to acacia trees commonly found along its avenues and the Pearl of the Indian Ocean. It was famous for the inscription This is Portugal on the walkway of its municipal building. Today it is a port city on the Indian Ocean, with its economy centered around the harbour. According to the 2007 census, the population is 1,766,184. Coal, cotton, sugar, chromite, sisal, copra, and hardwood are the chief exports. The city manufactures cement, pottery, furniture, shoes, and rubber. There is also a large aluminium smelting plant, Mozal. The city is surrounded by Maputo Province, but is administered as its own province.

It is estimated that 80% of the city's population lives in slums without running water or electricity, but the city has little money to invest in infrastructure. Inequality in Maputo has grown considerably as it experienced economic growth rates as high as 9% annually.

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