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FullnameProvince of Manitoba
FlagFlag of Manitoba.svg
FlagAltA red flag with a large Union Jack in the upper left corner and a shield, consisting of St. George's Cross over a left-facing bison standing on a rock, on the right side
CoatOfArmsG manitoba.gif
CoatOfArmsAltA central shield depicting a bison standing on a rock, under a St George's Cross. On top of the shield sits a helmet decorated with a red and white billowing veil. On top of the helmet sits a beaver with a crown on its back, holding a prairie crocus. To the right of the shield is a rearing white unicorn wearing a collar of white and green maple leaves, from which hangs a green cart-wheel pendant. To the left of the shield is a rearing white horse wearing a collar of Indian beadwork, from which hangs a green cycle of life medallion. The animals and shield stand on a mound, with a wheat field beneath the unicorn, prairie crocuses beneath the shield, and spruces beneath the horse. Beneath the mound are white and blue waves, under which is a orange scroll bearing the words "GLORIOSUS ET LIBER"
MapAltMap showing the location of Manitoba, in the centre of Southern Canada, in orange. The province has a coast on Hudson Bay to the northeast, and has a large lake slightly to the south of its centre
Label Mapno
("Glorious and free")
OfficialLangEnglish (de facto & de jure), French (de jure)
Flower Prairie Crocus
Tree White Spruce
Bird Great Grey Owl
ViceroyPhilip S. Lee
ViceroyTypeLieutenant Governor
PremierGreg Selinger
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Manitoba
TotalArea Km2649950
LandArea Km2548360
WaterArea Km2101593
Population1,232,654 (est.)
Density Km22.14
GDP Year2009
GDP TotalC$50.973 billion
GDP Rank6th
GDP Per CapitaC$38,001
GDP Per Capita Rank8th
AdmittanceDateJuly 15, 1870
TimeZoneUTC 6, (DST −5)

     Home | State | Manitoba

Manitoba c-enaudio=En-ca-Manitoba.oggˌmænɨˈtoʊbə is a Canadian prairie province with an area of 649950 km2 (649950000000 m2). The province has over 110,000 lakes and has a largely continental climate because of its flat topography. Agriculture, mostly concentrated in the fertile southern and western parts of the province, is vital to the province's economy; other major industries are transportation, manufacturing, mining, forestry, energy, and tourism. The largest ethnic group in Manitoba is English Canadian, but there is a significant Franco-Manitoban minority and a growing aboriginal population.

Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is Canada's eighth-largest Census Metropolitan Area, and home to 60% of the population of the province. Winnipeg is the seat of government, home to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba and the highest court in the jurisdiction, the Manitoba Court of Appeal. Four of the province's five universities, all four of its professional sports teams, and most of its cultural activities (including Festival du Voyageur and Folklorama) are located in Winnipeg.

The name Manitoba (meaning "strait of the spirit" or "lake of the prairies") is believed to be derived from the Cree, Ojibwe or Assiniboine language. Fur traders first arrived during the late 17th century. Manitoba became a province of Canada in 1870 after the Red River Rebellion. A general strike took place in Winnipeg in 1919, and the province was hit hard by the Great Depression. This led to the creation of what would become the New Democratic Party of Manitoba, one of the province's major political parties and currently in power led by premier Greg Selinger.

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