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Mandalay

Administration
Full name 
Official nameMandalay
Native name 
CountryBurma
DivisionMandalay Region
DistrictMandalay District
Government
Prime Minister of Mandalay DistricU Ye` Myint
Geography
Total Area45.7 sq mi (118.36 km2)
Demography
Total Population1034000 (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Metro (pop.)1.3 million
Ethnic groupsBamar, Burmese Chinese, Shan
ReligionsBuddhism, Christianity, Islam
Other information
Time zoneMST (UTC+6:30)
Area code2 (mobile: 69, 90)

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Mandalay ( ; -mymáɴdəlé, -enˌmændəˈleɪ or -enˈmændəleɪ) is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Burma. Located 445 mi (716.2 km) north of Yangon on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, the city has a population of one million, and is the capital of Mandalay Region (formerly Mandalay Division).

Mandalay is the economic hub of Upper Burma and considered the centre of Burmese culture. A continuing influx of Chinese immigrants, mostly from Yunnan Province, in the past twenty years, has reshaped the city's ethnic makeup and increased commerce with China. "It is a common Burmese complaint that Mandalay is becoming little more than a satellite of China and that the romance of old Mandalay is long gone." Despite Naypyidaw's recent rise, Mandalay remains Upper Burma's main commercial, educational and health centre.


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