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Málaga

Administration
Full nameMálaga
Official nameMálaga
CountrySpain Spain
Autonomous CommunityAndalusia Andalusia
ProvinceMalaga
ComarcaMálaga-Costa del Sol
Founded8th century BC
Government
TypeMayor-council
BodyAyuntamiento de Málaga.
MayorFrancisco De La Torre Prados
Geography
Total Area152.5 sq mi (395 km2)
Urban Area216.8 sq mi (561.71 km2)
Elevation36.1 ft (11 m)
Demography
Total Population568507 (6th) (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Urban (pop.)1046279
Other information
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
- Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode29001-29018
Area code+34 (Spain) 95 (Málaga)

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Málaga (-esˈmalaɣa) is a city and a municipality in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain. With a population of 568,507 in 2010, it is the second most populous city of Andalusia and the sixth largest in Spain. This is the southernmost large city in Europe. It lies on the Costa del Sol (Coast of the Sun) of the Mediterranean Sea, about 100 km east of the Strait of Gibraltar and about 130 km north of Africa.

Málaga enjoys a subtropical-mediterranean climate. It has one of the warmest winters in Europe, with average temperatures of 17 C (88.2 F) during the day and 7 - 8 C at night in the period from December to February. The summer's season lasts about 8 months, from April to November, although also in remaining 4 months temperatures sometimes reach around 20 C (93.6 F).

Málaga's history spans about 2,800 years and is one of the oldest cities in the world. It was founded by the Phoenicians as Malaka about 770 BC, from the 6th century BC in Ancient Carthage, from 218 BC Roman Republic and later Roman Empire (as latin Malaca), after the fall of the empire of the 800 years under the domination of Arabs (as Mālaqah (مالقة)), from 1487 under the dominion of the Spaniards. The archaeological remains and monuments from the Phoenician, Roman, Arabian and Christian eras convert the historic center into an "Open Museum" displaying its rich history of more than 3,000 years.

This important cultural infrastructure and the rich artistic heritage have culminated in the nomination of Málaga as a candidate for the 2016 European Capital of Culture.

The internationally acclaimed painter and sculptor Pablo Picasso and actor Antonio Banderas were born in Málaga. And the magnum opus of Cuban composer Ernesto Lecuona, "Malagueña", is named for the music of this region of Spain.

The most important business sectors in Málaga are Tourism, Construction and Technology Services, but other sectors such as Transportation and Logistics are beginning to expand. The Technology Park of Andalusia (PTA), located in Málaga, has enjoyed significant growth since its inauguration in 1992. As of 2009, this high-tech, science and industrial park is home to 509 companies and employs over 13,600 people.


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