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Mainz

German location
NameMainz
Administration
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
Districturban
BrgermeisterJens Beutel
PartySPD
Basic statistics
Area (km2)97.75
Elevation (m)85
Population200234
Founded13 BC
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateMZ
Postal code55001 - 55131
Area code06131, 06136

Mainz

Native NameFreie Stadt Mainz
Conventional Long NameFree City of Mainz
Common NameMainz, Free City
ContinentEurope
RegionCentral Europe
CountryGermany
EraMiddle Ages
StatusCity
EmpireHoly Roman Empire
Government TypeRepublic
TodayGermany
Year Start1244
Year End1462
Event PreCity established
Date Preca 13 BC
Event StartCity charter granted
 by Abp Siegfried III
Date Start
Event1Rival archbishops
Date Event11461
Event EndCharter revoked by
 Abp Adolph II
Date End
Event PostGerman Mediatisation
Date Post1803
P1Archbishopric of Mainz
S1Archbishopric of Mainz
CapitalMainz

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Mainz (-demaɪ̯ntslang; -enˈmaɪntslang; , -frmajɑ̃sIPA; , -hemaɡentsɑIPA; , -itma'gontsaIPA; ) is a city in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. It was a politically important seat of the Prince-elector of Mainz (see: Archbishopric of Mainz) under the Holy Roman Empire, and previously was a Roman fort city which commanded the west bank of the Rhine and formed part of the northernmost frontier of the Roman Empire. Mainz is located on the river Rhine across from Wiesbaden, in the western part of the Frankfurt Rhine-Main Region; in the modern age, Frankfurt shares much of its regional importance.

Mainz was founded as a military post by the Romans in the late 1st century BC. The first European books printed using movable type were manufactured in Mainz by Gutenberg in the early 1450s. Up until the twentieth century, Mainz was usually referred to in English as Mayence.


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