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Mahdi Army

NameMahdi Army
(Jaish al Mahdi)
Warthe Iraq War
Active2003-2008
LeadersMuqtada al-Sadr
HeadquartersNajaf, Kufa
AreaBaghdad and Southern Iraq
Statusdepleted (2008 U.S. intelligence , current strength very low)
PartofIraqi Insurgency
NextPromised Day Brigades
OpponentsIraqi security forces
Ansar al-Sunna
Islamic State of Iraq
Islamic Army in Iraq
United States, United Kingdom (and other coalition forces)
BattlesIraq war
*Siege of Sadr City
*Battle of Najaf (2004)
*Battle of Diwaniya
*Battle of Amarah
*Battle of Karbala (2007)
*Siege of U.K. bases in Basra
*Battle of Basra (2008)
*Iraq Spring Fighting of 2008

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The Mahdi Army, also known as the Mahdi Militia or Jaish al-Mahdi (JAM) (Arabic جيش المهدي), was an Iraqi paramilitary force created by the Iraqi Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in June 2003.

The group rose to international prominence on April 18, 2004 when it spearheaded the first major armed confrontation against the U.S.-led forces in Iraq from the Shia community in an uprising that followed the banning of al-Sadr's newspaper and attempts to arrest him, and lasted until a truce on June 6. This truce was followed by moves to disband the group and transform al-Sadr's movement into a political party to take part in the 2005 elections; Muqtada al-Sadr ordered fighters of the Mahdi army to cease fire unless attacked first. The truce broke down in August 2004 after provocative actions by the Mahdi Army, with new hostilities erupting.

The Mahdi Army's popularity has been strong enough to influence local government, the police, and cooperation with Sunni Iraqis and their supporters. The group is believed to have recently been popular among Iraqi police forces. National Independent Cadres and Elites party that ran in the 2005 Iraqi election was closely linked with the army.

The group is armed with various light weapons, including improvised explosive devices, also called road-side bombs. Many of the bombs used during attacks on Iraqi Security Forces and Coalition Forces have used infra-red sensors as triggers, a technique that was used widely by the IRA in Northern Ireland in the early to mid 1990s.

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Baghdad Walk-About: Touring the Tigris -- and the Streets - TIME Tweet this news
TIME--When the Shi'ite militia known as the -Mahdi Army- took over the neighborhood, it forced many booksellers to flee: some were abducted and never heard from ... - Date : Mon, 11 Oct 2010 00:06:48 GMT+00:00
Sunni Fighters Returning To Al-Qaida In Iraq, 'NYT' Reports - NPR (blog) Tweet this news
NPR (blog)--Among them, cease fire by Muqtada al-Sadr's -Mahdi Army-, the ethnic cleansing of Baghdad, and the Sunni Awakening. The Awakening was made up of Sunnis who ... - Date : Mon, 18 Oct 2010 15:28:31 GMT+00:00
A post-Saddam Iraq takes the first steps on a new path - Vancouver Sun Tweet this news
Vancouver Sun--In 2008, al-Maliki loosed his security forces on al-Sadr's -Mahdi army- in an attempt to crush the militia and destroy al-Sadr as a political force. ... - Date : Wed, 27 Oct 2010 08:24:35 GMT+00:00
The Technology Of The Insurgency In Iraq - NPR (blog) Tweet this news
NPR (blog)--The report of the find indicated that -Mahdi Army- leaders had real capabilities for directing their forces from long distances: “This equipment could be used ... - Date : Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:35:06 GMT+00:00

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Nationalist Salafies
Islamic Army in Iraq (Al-Jaish Al-Islami fil-Iraq)
Sufi Naqshbandi Iraqis (Naqshabandiya Army)
Iraqi Islamic Resistance Front (JAAMI Iraqi nationalists)
Jaish al-Mujahideen
Mujahideen Battalions of the Salafi Group of Iraq
Islamic Salafist Boy Scout Battalions (Kataab Ashbal Al Islam Al Salafi)
Mohammad's Army (aka Jeish Muhammad)
A guerrilla group opposed to the coalition forces, composed primarily of Sunnis believed to have Baathist ties.
Pan-Arab Nationalists
Nasserites
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Jihadist Salafies
Islamic State of Iraq (till Nov '06, Mujahideen Shura Council)
Umbrella organization and de facto state
*Al Qaeda in Iraq
*Jeish al-Fatiheen (Conquering Army)
*Jund al-Sahaba (Soldiers of the Sahaba)
*Katbiyan Ansar Al-Tawhid wal Sunnah (Brigades of Monotheism and Religious Conservatism)
*Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura (Army of the Victorious Sect)
*Monotheism Supporters Brigades
*Saray al-Jihad Group
*al-Ghuraba Brigades
*al-Ahwal Brigades
Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad
A now-defunct militant organization led by al-Zarqawi preceding AQI.
Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna (formerly Jaish Ansar al-Sunna)

Ansar al-Islam
Black Banner Organization (ar-Rayat as-Sawda)
Asaeb Ahl el-Iraq (Factions of the People of Iraq)
Wakefulness and Holy War

Abu Theeb's group
Jaish Abi Baker's group
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Baathists
Fedayeen Saddam ("Saddam's Men of Sacrifice")
A paramilitary organization loyal to the former Baathist regime of Saddam Hussein.
The Return (al-Awda)
composed of former Ba'ath Party officials, intelligence agents, former members of the Republican Guard, the Special Republican Guard and Fedayeen Saddam militia.
General Command of the Armed Forces, Resistance and Liberation in Iraq
Iraqi Popular Army
New Return
Patriotic Front
Political Media Organ of the Ba ath Party (Jihaz al-Iilam al-Siasi lil hizb al-Baath)
Popular Resistance for the Liberation of Iraq
Al-Abud Network
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Iraqi Army
The Iraqi Army is a component of the Iraqi Security Forces tasked with assuming responsibility for all Iraqi land-based military operations following the 2003 Invasion of Iraq.
Iraqi Air Force
Iraqi Police
The Iraqi Police are the organic civil police force of the Republic of Iraq. There are three main branches.
*Iraqi Police Service (IPS): Responsible for the day to day patrolling of cities around most crimes.
*National Police (NP): Paramilitary force for counterinsurgency, public disorder and counter terrorist tasks.
*Supporting Forces: Remaining police organizations, primarily the Department of Border Enforcement (DBE).
Facilities Protection Service
A paramilitary force responsible for protecting government buildings and facilities.>
Armed Iraqi Groups in the Iraq War and the Civil war in IraqArmed Iraqi groups in the Iraq War and the Iraq Civil War
Insurgents Now-defunct Baathist rebels and insurgents Military of Iraq and Police Militias and others

Islamism

IdeologyIslamic fundamentalism * Pan-Islamism * Wahabbism * Salafism (Salafist) * Deobandi * Qutbism * Al-Qaedaism/Jihadi international * Talibanization
OrganisationsMuslim Brotherhood * Jamaat-e-Islami * Hizb ut-Tahrir * al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya * Egyptian Islamic Jihad * Palestinian Islamic Jihad * National Islamic Front * Islamic Salvation Front * Taliban * Abu Sayyaf * al-Qaeda * Armed Islamic Group * Islamic Courts Union * Al-Qaeda in Iraq * Mahdi Army * Fatah al-Islam * Hamas * Hezbollah
LeadersIbn Taymiyyah * Jamal al-Din al-Afghani * Abul Ala Maududi * Taqiuddin al-Nabhani * Hasan al-Banna * Sayyid Qutb * Omar Abdel-Rahman * Abdullah Yusuf Azzam * Ayman al-Zawahiri * Yusuf al-Qaradawi * Osama bin Laden * Hassan al-Turabi * Safwat al-Shwadify * Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri
Events and
controversies
Zia-ul-Haq's Islamization * Grand Mosque Seizure * Islamic terrorism * Islamofascism * Fatwa on Terrorism * Criticism of Islamism
Islamic conceptsJihad * Shari'a * Caliphate * Islamic republic * Jahiliyya * Hadith * Mujahedeen * Ummah * Kafir * Takfiri * Mahdi * Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists * Political aspects of Islam * Fiqh * Islamic studies * Taqiyya * Ketman
TextsMilestones (Qutb) * Islamic Government (Khomeini)



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