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Macedonian language

StatesRepublic of Macedonia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia, Macedonian diaspora
Speakers1.6 3.0 million.
Fam1Indo-European (Satem Group)
Fam4South Slavic
Fam5Eastern South Slavic
ScriptCyrillic (Macedonian variant)
NationRepublic of Macedonia
AgencyMacedonian Language Institute "Krste Misirkov" at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University of Skopje
Linguapart of 53-AAA-h
MapcaptionCountries with significant Macedonian-speaking populations
(Click on image for the legend)

     Home | Language | Macedonian language

Macedonian ( , makedonski jazik, -mkmaˈkɛdɔnski ˈjazikpronMk-Makedonski jazik is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by approximately 2 3 million people principally in the region of Macedonia but also in the Macedonian diaspora. It is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia and holds the status of official minority language in parts of Albania, Romania and Serbia.

Standard Macedonian was implemented as the official language of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia in 1945 and has since developed a thriving literary tradition. Most of the codification was formalized during the same period.

Macedonian dialects form a continuum with Bulgarian dialects; together in turn they form a broader continuum with Serbo-Croatian through the transitional Torlakian dialects. The name of the Macedonian language is a matter of political controversy in Greece as is its distinctiveness in Bulgaria.

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Who removed the language? The UN, a webmaster, third party? - MINA Tweet this news
MINA--This time, a Greek official at the UN managed to remove the "-Macedonian-" -language- reference from UN's website? While most people are pointing to the 'clout' ... - Date : Mon, 15 Nov 2010 01:41:34 GMT+00:00
Annual Economy Report - Macedonia Information Centre Tweet this news
Macedonia Information Centre--The term “state language” substitutes for “-Macedonian language-” in the entire report of 81 pages. EU Ambassador Erwan Fouere apologized Wednesday before the ... - Date : Thu, 11 Nov 2010 12:53:41 GMT+00:00
Macedonia Celebrates Ilinden - MINA Tweet this news
MINA--If Ilinden 1903 was one of -Macedonian- disobedience, Ilinden 1944 one of -Macedonian- perseverance and unity, then Ilinden 2010 is one of -Macedonian- struggle ... - Date : Mon, 02 Aug 2010 14:54:29 GMT+00:00
Name Is More Important To Macedonians Than NATO, EU Membership - AHN | All Headline News Tweet this news
AHN | All Headline News--Greece is also against the ambiguous use of the term '-Macedonian-' to describe the neighboring country's main ethnic group and -language-. ... - Date : Tue, 13 Jul 2010 02:58:54 GMT+00:00
Albania sets up 'Ethnic Minorities' Sector - MINA Tweet this news
MINA--It has been agreed that the Ministry of Culture, Tourism, Youths and Sport provides funds for the sole -Macedonian---language- newspaper Prespa, Macedonian ... - Date : Tue, 25 May 2010 10:51:02 GMT+00:00
'Always a Step Ahead' - Macedonia Rangers partner with Task Force Avalanche in ... - Combined Joint Task Force 101 - Afghanistan Tweet this news
Combined Joint Task Force 101 - Afghanistan--Despite the triple -language- barrier, the Soldiers have been able to build a working relationship, not only with each other, but also with the Afghan ... - Date : Thu, 10 Jun 2010 00:05:14 GMT+00:00
Bilingual Macedonian-Greek Newspaper Launched - Eurasia Review Tweet this news
Eurasia Review--Today the first mass-circulation newspaper in Greece to include articles and commentary in the -Macedonian language- will begin to operate. ... - Date : Fri, 07 May 2010 16:39:26 GMT+00:00
Greeks and Identity theft - American Chronicle Tweet this news
American Chronicle--If a person is born in Macedonia, is a descendent of many generations of Macedonians, speaks the -Macedonian language-, practices the -Macedonian- culture and ... - Date : Sun, 18 Apr 2010 17:23:41 GMT+00:00
Macedonians get Newspaper in Greece - MINA Tweet this news
MINA--The first issue of the "New Dawn", a newspaper with articles in -Macedonian language-, has been published in Greece. The message of the newspaper is clear: ... - Date : Thu, 06 May 2010 13:30:17 GMT+00:00

Usage :
State Number
Lower Range Higher Range
Macedonia 1,700,000 2,022,547
Albania 4,697 30,000 - 150,000
Bulgaria >5,071 150,000
Greece 35,000 250,000
Serbia 14,355 30,000 
Rest of the Balkans 15,939 25,000
Canada 37,050  150,000
Australia 71,994 200,000
Germany 62,295 85,000
Italy 50,000 74,162
United States of America 45,000 200,000
Switzerland 6,415 60,362
Rest of World 101,600 110,000
Total 2,289,904 4,100,000

Usage :
Dialect divisions of Macedonian

Vowels of Macedonian
Usage :
Mid е /ɛ/ о /ɔ/
Open а /a/

Usage :
Bilabial Labio-
Dental Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d c ɟ k ɡ
Affricate t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ x
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral ɫ l

Alphabet :
А а
Б б
В в
Г г
Д д
Ѓ ѓ
Е е
Ж ж
З з
Ѕ ѕ
И и
Ј ј
К к
Л л
/l/, /ɫ/
Љ љ
/lj/, /l/
М м
Н н
Њ њ
О о
П п
Р р
С с
Т т
Ќ ќ
У у
Ф ф
Х х
Ц ц
Ч ч
Џ џ
Ш ш

Dialects of Macedonian

CentralPrilep-Bitola * Kičevo-Poreče * Skopje-Veles
Western and
Upper Polog * Debar * Drimlkol-Golo Brdo * Galičnik * Reka * Vevčani-Radožda * Struga * Ohrid * Upper Prespa * Lower Prespa
EasternKumanovo * Kratovo * Kriva Palanka * Ovče Pole
WesternSkopska crna Gora * Lower Polog * Gora up|2
EasternŠtip - Kočani * Strumica * Tikveš-Mariovo * Maleševo-Pirinup|1
SoutheasternSolun-Vodenup|1 * Ser-Drama-Lagadin-Nevrokopup|1 * Nestram-Kostenar * Kostur * Korča

Macedonia Macedonia topics

HistoryAncient History * Medieval Period * Kingdom of Prilep * Ottoman Macedonia * Macedonian awakening * Ilinden Uprising * National Liberation War * ASNOM * National Liberation Front * Exodus from Greece * Socialist Republic * 1963 Skopje earthquake * 2001 Macedonia conflict
GeographyBalkan Peninsula * Lake Ohrid * Lake Prespa * Dojran Lake * Mount Korab * Šar Mountains * Ljuboten * Titov Vrv * Baba Mountain * Belasica * Mount Bistra * Galičica * Osogovo * Vodno * Jakupica * Cities * Rivers
President * Prime Minister * Assembly * Political parties * Elections * Foreign relations * Accession to the European Union * Accession to NATO * LGBT rights
EconomyMacedonian denar * Tourism * Communications * Transport * Banks * Macedonian Railways
DemographicsMacedonians (list) * Macedonian language * Slavic languages * Macedonian Orthodox Church Ohrid Archbishopric * Religion * Human rights
CultureArchitecture * Cinema * Cuisine * Education * Languages * Literature * Music * Radio * Television * Public holidays
SymbolsFlag * Coat of arms * Anthem * Vergina Flag (1992-1995) * Golden Lion
ReligionOrthodoxy * Islam * Protestantism * Catholicism * Judaism
Other topicsMilitary |

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