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Macapá

Macapa
Administration
Full nameMacapá
Official nameThe Municipality of Macapá
Settlement typeMunicipality
CountryBrazil
RegionNorth
StateAmapá
FoundedFebruary 9, 1758
Government
MayorRoberto Goés (PDT)
Geography
Total Area2.5 sq mi (6.563 km2)
Demography
Total Population368397 (2006)
Density (pop.)56.1/km2 (145.3/sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC)
Postal Code68900-000

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Macapá is a Brazilian city, capital of Amapá state. Located in the North Region, it is the only state capital that has no highway connections with other capitals. Also of interest is the fact that the north and south sections of the city are divided by the Equator.Fifth richest city in northern Brazil, the municipality stands alone, 2.85% of the entire Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the region, and with a population of 499,166 in its metropolitan area, Macapá is the third largest urban area in the North. Its area is 6407 km 2 representing 4.4863% of the area of the state, 0.1663% and 0.0754% of the Region of the Brazilian territory that total 32.7 km 2 are in the urban perimeter. The city alone accounts for 60% of the population of state of Amapá and 3.50% of the population of the entire northern region of Brazil.

According to surveys conducted by IBGE in 2010, the city has a population of 397,913, of which 97.92% live in urban areas and 2.08% live in rural districts. With an area of 6563 km 2, the poulation density of Macapá is approximately 60.62 inhabitants per km 2. Macapá stands out, among the majority of Brazilian cities, by rapid economic growth seen in its population.

The name Macapá is of Tupi origin and is a variation of "Macpaba", which means place of many bacabas, a palm tree native to the region, the bacabeira (scientific name 'Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.'). Before being named Macapá, the first name for the city was Nueva Andalucia Adelantado , officially granted by Charles V of Spain in 1544, in a concession to Francisco de Orellana, a Spanish navigator who was in the region.


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