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US State
NicknameBayou State - Child of the Mississippi
Creole State - Pelican State (official)
Sportsman's Paradise - Sugar State
MottoUnion, Justice and Confidence
Union, justice, et confiance (French)
Lunyon, Jistis, é Konfyans (Louisiana Creole)
Official languagesDe jure: None
De facto: English and French
DemonymLouisianian, Louisianais (French)
Lwizyané(èz) (Creole)
CapitalBaton Rouge
Largest cityNew Orleans
Largest metro areaGreater New Orleans
Area Ranked31st
Total51843 sq mi 135382 km2
Width130 mi 210 km
Length379 mi 610 km
% water15
Pop. Rank25th
Total4,533,372 (2010 est.)
Density104.9 /sq mi 40.65 /km2
Highest pointDriskill Mountain
535 ft 163 m
Mean98 ft 30 m
Lowest pointNew Orleans
-7 ft -2.1336 m
Other information
Admission to UnionApril 30, 1812 (18th)
GovernorBobby Jindal (R)
Lieutenant GovernorJay Dardenne (R)
LegislatureState Legislature
Upper houseState Senate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsMary Landrieu (D)
David Vitter (R)
U.S. House delegation6 Republicans, 1 Democrat
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

     Home | State | Louisiana

Louisiana (c-enaudio=en-us-Louisiana.oggluːˌiːziˈænə or c-enaudio=en-us-Louisiana-2.oggˌluːziˈænə; , -frlwizjanLouisiane is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. Its capital is Baton Rouge and largest city is New Orleans. Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are local governments equivalent to counties. The largest parish by population is East Baton Rouge Parish, and the largest by land area is Cameron Parish.

Some Louisiana urban environments have a multicultural, multilingual heritage, being so strongly influenced by an admixture of 18th century French, Spanish, Native American (Indian) and African cultures that they are considered to be somewhat exceptional in the U.S. Before the American influx and statehood at the beginning of the 19th century, the territory of current Louisiana State had been a Spanish and French colony. In addition, the pattern of development included importing numerous African slaves in the 18th century, with many from the same region of West Africa, thus concentrating their culture.

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