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Full nameLatakia
Official nameLatakia
Native name 
GovernorateLatakia Governorate
DistrictLatakia District
GovernorAbdulqader Abdulsheikh
Land Area22.4 sq mi (58 km2)
Metro Area41.7 sq mi (108 km2)
Elevation36.1 ft (11 m)
Total Population650558 (2009)
Metro (pop.)1255500
Other information
Area code41|41

     Home | City | Latakia

Latakia, or Latakiyah (and often locally transliterated as Lattakia) ( Al-Lādhiqiyyah), is the principal port city of Syria, as well as the capital of the Latakia Governorate. In addition to serving as a port, the city is a manufacturing center for surrounding agricultural towns and villages. Its population in 2009 was 650,558 and consisted of Sunni Muslims, Alawites and Greek Orthodox Christians.

Though the site has been inhabited since the second millennium BC, the modern-day city was first founded in the 4th century BC under the rule of the Seleucid empire. Latakia was subsequently ruled by the Romans, then the Ummayads and Abbasids in the 8th 10th centuries. Under their rule, the Byzantines frequently attacked the city, periodically recapturing it before losing it again to the Arabs, particularly the Fatimids. Afterward, Latakia was ruled by the Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Ayyubids, Mamluks, and Ottomans. Following World War I, Latakia was assigned to the French mandate of Syria, in which it served as the capital of the autonomous territory of the Alawites. This autonomous territory became the State of Alawites in 1922, proclaiming its independence a number of times until reintegrating into Syria in 1944.

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