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Lachlan Macquarie

Personal data
Date of birth31 January 1762
Place of birthUlva, Inner Hebrides, Scotland, United Kingdom
Date of death1 July 1824(age 62)
Place of deathLondon, England, United Kingdom
SpouseJane Jarvis 1st wife (1792 1796) and Elizabeth Campbell 2nd wife (1807 1824)
5th Governor of New South Wales
In office1 January 1810 - 30 November 1821
Succeeded byThomas Brisbane
Preceded byWilliam Bligh

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Major-General Lachlan Macquarie CB (31 January 1762 1 July 1824; Scottish Gaelic spelling: Lachlann MacGuaire), was a British military officer and colonial administrator. He served as the last autocratic Governor of New South Wales, Australia from 1810 to 1821 and had a leading role in the social, economic and architectural development of the colony. He is considered by some historians to have had a crucial influence on the transition of New South Wales from a penal colony to a free settlement and therefore to have played a major role in the shaping of Australian society in the early nineteenth century. An inscription on his tomb in Scotland describes him as "The Father of Australia".

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