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Full nameGyeongju
Native name경주
Native name langKorean
Settlement typeMunicipal City
CountrySouth Korea
RegionNorth Gyeongsang province
Total Area511.2 sq mi (1324.39 km2)
Total Population269343 (2008)
Density (pop.)212/km2 (549.1/sq mi)

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Gyeongju (-kokjəːŋdʑu) is a coastal city in the far southeastern corner of North Gyeongsang province in South Korea. It is the second largest city by area in the province after Andong, covering 1324 km2 (511.2 sqmi) with a population of 269,343 people according to the 2008 census. Gyeongju is 370 km (229.9 mi) southeast of Seoul, and 55 km (34.2 mi) east of the provincial capital, Daegu. The city borders Cheongdo and Yeongcheon to the west, Ulsan to the south and Pohang to the north, while to the east lies the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Sea). Numerous low mountains-outliers of the Taebaek range-are scattered around the city.

Gyeongju was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Silla (57 BC 935 AD) which ruled most of the Korean Peninsula between the 7th and 9th centuries. A vast number of archaeological sites and cultural properties from this period remain in the city. Gyeongju is often referred to as "the museum without walls". Among such historical treasures, Seokguram grotto, Bulguksa temple, Gyeongju Historic Areas and Yangdong Folk Village are designated as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. The many major historical sites have helped Gyeongju become one of the most popular tourist destinations in South Korea.

The city of Gyeongju was united with the nearby rural Gyeongju County in 1995 and is now an urban rural complex. It is similar to 53 other small- and medium-sized cities with a population under 300,000 people in South Korea. As well as its rich historical heritage, Gyeongju today is affected by the economic, demographic, and social trends that have shaped modern South Korean culture. Tourism remains the major economic driver, but manufacturing activities have developed due to its proximity to major industrial centers such as Ulsan and Pohang. Gyeongju is connected to the nationwide rail and highway networks, which facilitate industrial and tourist traffic.

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