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Kirovohrad

Kirovohrad
Administration
Full nameKirovohrad
Official nameKirovohrad
Native nameКіровоград
MottoWith peace and goodness
Country
Oblast
Raion
Ukraine
Kirovohrad Oblast
City municipality
Founded1754
City rights1765, 1782
Government
MayorOleksandr Sainsus
Geography
Total Area39.8 sq mi (103|area_land_km2= km2)
Elevation406.8 ft (124 m)
Demography
Total Population239400|population_footnotes= (2004)
Density (pop.)2324|pushpin_map=Ukraine/km2 (6019.2/sq mi)
Other information
Postal code25000-490
Area code+380 522
Sister cities|(Bulgaria)Dobrich|blank1_name=Sister cities|(Bulgaria)

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Kirovohrad ( , -ukkʲirowoˈɦrɑd̪; , Kirovograd), formerly Yelisavetgrad, is a city in central Ukraine. It is located on the Inhul River. It is a motorway junction. Pop. 239,400 (2004 est.).

Developed around a military settlement the city got to prominence in the 19th century when it became an important trade centre enjoying the rights of the Ukrainian culture promoter with the first professional theatrical company both in Central and Eastern Ukraine being established here in 1882.

In Soviet times the city rose to the status of an agricultural and light industry centre whose fame was due to such enterprises as Plant (which once provided more than 50% of the USSR need in tractor seeders), Hydrosila Hydraulic Units Plant, Plant, Pishmash Typewriter Plant (de facto defunct nowadays) etc.

The recent history of Kirovohrad saw the imminent decline of the city's industrial potential and general socioeconomic value. The latter plus the poor reputation of local authorities with the city's population led to the widespread settled opinions that Kirovohrad belongs to the group of the low-developed regional capitals of Ukraine. Since 2002 the economics of Kirovohrad has been slowly reviving.

During the Ukrainian presidential election of 2004 the city got the country-wide notoriety because of mass election fraud committed by local authorities and long after that was known as District 100 (the community number according to Central Elections Committee).


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