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Khasi language

StatesIndia, Bangladesh
Speakers865,000 mainly in Meghalaya, India (1997)
Fam2Khasi Khmuic

     Home | Language | Khasi language

Khasi is an Austro-Asiatic language spoken primarily in Meghalaya state in India by the Khasi people. Khasi is part of the Khasi Khmuic group of languages, and is distantly related to the Munda branch of the Austroasiatic family, which is found in east-central India.

Although most of the 865,000 Khasi speakers are found in Meghalaya state, the language is also spoken by a number of people in the hill districts of Assam bordering with Meghalaya and by a sizable population of people living in Bangladesh, close to the Indian border.

Khasi is rich in folklore and folktale, and behind most of the names of hills, mountains, rivers, waterfalls, birds, flowers, and animals there is a story.

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Delhi Diary - Outlook Tweet this news
Outlook--Body -language- at its best. Actually, the jhappi diplomacy really flowered behind the scenes. In an unscheduled, unscripted one-to-one meeting at 7, ... - Date : Sat, 13 Nov 2010 07:43:05 GMT+00:00
Exploring a village in Meghalaya - KanglaOnline Tweet this news
KanglaOnline--Fortunately for me, the -language- barrier comes to my rescue (since they know only -Khasi-, which I dont) and I get to sleep on a “mattress” made of sacks ... - Date : Sun, 24 Oct 2010 00:47:13 GMT+00:00
Another Blockade: Manipur's Fate And The North East States - Tweet this news young -Khasi- I met reasoned, “To keep up with the changing times youngsters went out to get an education, during which time the outside business ... - Date : Thu, 10 Jun 2010 16:47:40 GMT+00:00
District Briefs - Calcutta Telegraph Tweet this news
Calcutta Telegraph--During the programme, the minister handed over policy documents to children at the Cherrapunjee post office, East -Khasi- Hills. ... - Date : Sun, 18 Apr 2010 22:27:06 GMT+00:00

Nouns and noun phrases : Word order
ar tylli ki sim
two classifier plural bird
'two birds'

Nouns and noun phrases : Word order
kata ka samla ka-ba wan mynhynnin
that:fem fem girl fem-relative come yesterday
'that girl who came yesterday'

Nouns and noun phrases : Word order
ka kmi joŋ phii
fem mother of you
'your mother'

: Gender
times, seasons flowers, plants, trees
clothes reptiles, insects
physical features of nature heavenly bodies
manufactured articles edible raw material
tools for polishing tools for hammering, digging
trees of soft fibre trees of hard fibre

: Classifiers
Don ar tylli ki sim ha rú.
there:are two classifier plural bird in cage
'There are two birds in the cage.'

: Classifiers
Don lai ngut ki sím hapoh shnong.
there:are three classifier plural chief in village
'There are three chiefs in the village.'

Adjectives :
u briw ba-bhá
masc man rel-good
'a good man'

Adjectives :
u 'riw sníw
masc man bad
'a bad man'

Adjectives :
U ksew u lamwir.
masc dog masc mad
'The dog is mad.'

Prepositions and prepositional phrases :
ka kmi joŋ phii
fem mother of you
'your mother'

Prepositions and prepositional phrases :
?uu slap ?uu the? na ?uu bneŋ
masc rain masc pour from masc sky
`Rain poured from the sky.'

Verbs and verb phrases : Agreement
Singular Plural
1st person nga thoh ‘I write’ ngi thoh ‘we write’
2nd person mé thoh ‘you (fam.) write’ phi thoh ‘you (form.) write’ phi thoh ‘you (pl). write’
3rd person u thoh ‘he writes’ ka thoh ‘she writes’ ki thoh ‘they write’

Verbs and verb phrases : Agreement
Ka mïáw ka pah.
fem cat fem meow
‘The cat meows.’

: Tense marking
Khasi English
U thoh. He writes.
U la thoh. He wrote.
U'n thoh He will write.

: Negation
Khasi English
U'm thoh. He doesn't write.
U'm shym thoh. He didn't write.
U'm yn thoh He won't write.

: Copulas
U Blei u long jingïeit.
masc God masc be love
‘God is love’

: Causative verbs
Base verb Gloss Causative verb Gloss
hiar come down pnhiar let down, export
tip know pntip make known
phu? blossom pnphu? beautify
iaid walk pyn-iaid drive, put agoing
jot perish pyn-jot destroy
poi arrive pyn-poi send

Sentences : Word order
U ksew u bám doh.
masc dog masc eat flesh
‘The dog eats flesh.’

Sentences : Word order
haŋta la ?oŋ ?ii khnaay ya ka Naam
then past say dimin mouse accusative fem Naam
'Then said the (little) mouse to Naam ...'

: Case marking
U la ái ia ka kitab ia nga.
masc past give accusative fem book accusative me
'He gave the book to me.'

: Passive
Ki dang tháw ia ka íng da ki ding..
plur contin build accusative fem house from plur wood
'They are building the house of wood.'

: Passive
Dang tháw ia ka íng.
contin build accusative fem house
'The house is being built.'

: Passive
La lah pyniap ia ka massi da U Míet.
past perfective kill accusative fem cow by U Miet
'The cow was killed by U Miet.'

: Questions
Phii kit kho? Til?
you take basket Til
'Will you take a basket, Til?

: Questions
?uu lej ša?ey.
masc go where
Where is he going?'

: Embedded clauses
Nga tip ba phi la leh ia kata.
I know that you past do accusative that
'I know that you have done that'

: Embedded clauses
Ka samla ka-ba wan mynhynnin ka la iáp.
fem girl fem-relative come yesterday fem past die
'The girl who came yesterday has died.'

Sample text in Khasi :
Khasi English
1. Ha kaba mynnyngkong U Blei u la thaw ia ka bneng bad ia ka khyndew. Bad ka pyrthei ka la long bakhlem dur bad kaba suda, bad ka jingdum ka la long halor ka khmat ka jingjylliew, bad U Mynsiem U Blei u da khih halor ki urn. In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.

Some Khasi words and phrases :
Khublei (khu-blei) 'THANK YOU' in khasi.
Phi long kumno? How are you? In short it is also used as “Kumno?”
Nga khlaiñ I am fine.
Kumne Short form response to ‘Kumno?’ meaning ‘like this’.
Um Water
Ja (cooked) rice
Dohkha (doh-kha) fish (meat)
Dohsyiar (doh-syiar) chicken (meat)
Dohsniang (doh-sni-ang) pork
Dohmasi (doh-ma-si) beef
Dohblang (doh-bl-ang) mutton
Jyntah (jyn-tah) dish (meat/vegetable)
Jhur (jh-ur) vegetable
Dai lentils
Mluh (ml-uh) salt
Duna (du-na) less
Sohmynken (soh-myn-ken) chilli
Ai biang seh Please give again (serve again).
La biang enough
Ai um seh Please give water.
Ai ja seh Please give food (rice).
Ai jyntah seh Please give (side dish) vegetable / meat.
Ai aiu? Give what?
Ai kwai seh Please give ‘kwai’.
Aiu? What?
Mynno? When? (past)
Lano? When? (future)
Hangno? / Shano? Where?
Kumno? How?
Khublei shibun. Thank you very much.
Thiah suk. Sleep well. (The equivalent of "Good Night".)
Kumno ngan leit sha Ward’s Lake? How do I go to Ward’s Lake?
Katno ka dor une / kane? What is the price of this? (une is masculine gender, kane is feminine gender and ine
Leit suk. Go in peace.
Reply is “Shong suk.” Literal meaning is “Stay happy.”

Numbers :
2 ar
3 lai
4 saw
5 san
6 hynriew
7 hynñiew
8 phra
9 khyndai
10 shipew
20 arphew
30 laiphew
40 sawphew
50 sanphew
60 hynriewphew
70 hynñiewphew
80 phraphew
90 khyndaiphew
100 shispah
200 arspah
300 laispah
400 sawspah
500 sanspah
600 hynriewspah
700 hynñiewspah
800 phraspah
900 khyndaispah
1000 shihajar

(Official) Languages of India

Union-level Official languagesHindi * English
State-level Official languagesAssamese * Bengali * Bodo * Chhattisgarhi * Dogri * English * Garo * Gujarati * Hindi * Kannada * Kashmiri * Khasi * Kokborok * Konkani * Maithili * Malayalam * Manipuri * Marathi * Mizo * Nepali * Oriya * Punjabi * Sanskrit * Santali * Sindhi * Telugu * Tamil * Urdu

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