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Kaunas

Kaunas
Administration
Full nameKaunas, Lithuania
Settlement typeCity municipality
CountryLithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyKaunas County
MunicipalityKaunas city municipality
Capital ofKaunas County
Kaunas city municipality
Kaunas district municipality
First mentioned1361
Granted city rights1408
Geography
Total Area60.6 sq mi (157 km2)
Demography
Total Population321200 (2011)
Metro (pop.)673,706 (Kaunas County)
Other information
Time zoneEET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST)EEST (UTC+3)

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Kaunas (-enˈkaʊnəs; -ltkɐˈunɐsLithuanian:Kaunas is the second-largest city in Lithuania and has historically been a leading centre of Lithuanian economic, academic, and cultural life. Kaunas was the biggest city and the center of a powiat in Trakai Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since 1413. During Russian Empire occupation it was the capital of Kovno Governorate from 1843 to 1915. It became the only temporary capital city in Europe during the Interwar period. Now it is the capital of Kaunas County, the seat of the Kaunas city municipality and the Kaunas district municipality. It is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaunas. Kaunas is located at the confluence of the two largest Lithuanian rivers, the Nemunas and the Neris, and near the Kaunas Reservoir, the largest body of water entirely in Lithuania.


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