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Karlsruhe

German location
NameCity of Karlsruhe
German nameKarlsruhe
Administration
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Wurttemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictUrban districts of Germany|Urban district
BrgermeisterHeinz Fenrich
PartyCDU
Basic statistics
Area (km2)173.46
Elevation (m)115
Population288917
Founded1715
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateKA
Postal code76131 76229
Area code0721

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The City of Karlsruhe (-deˈkaɐ̯lsʁuːə; formerly Carlsruhe) is a city in the southwest of Germany, in the state (bundesland) of Baden-Württemberg, located near the French-German border.

Karlsruhe was founded in 1715 as Karlsruhe Palace, when Germany was a series of principalities and city states. The town surrounding the Palace became the seat of two of the highest courts in Germany, the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany (Bundesverfassungsgericht) whose decisions have the force of a law in many cases, and the Federal Court of Justice of Germany (Bundesgerichtshof), the highest court of appeals in matters of civil law and criminal law. It therefore considers itself the home of justice in Germany, a role taken over from Leipzig after 1945.

Due to similarities to the United States capital city, it has been speculated that Karlsruhe was a model city for the cityscape of Washington, D.C. Both cities have a center - in Karlsruhe the palace and in D.C. the Capitol Building - from which the streets radiate outward. L'Enfant, Washington's city planner, had been given the plans of Karlsruhe (among numerous other European cities) as an inspiration.


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