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Kaohsiung

Kaohsiung
Administration
Full nameKaohsiung
Official nameKaohsiung City ·  
Native name 
Settlement typeSpecial municipality
Country 
RegionSouthern Taiwan
City seatLingya District and Fengshan District
Government
MayorChen Chu (DPP)
Geography
Total Area1137.3 sq mi (2946.2527 km2)
Elevation29.5 ft (9 m)
Demography
Total Population2769072 (2010)
Density (pop.)auto/km2 (0/sq mi)
Other information
Postal code800-813, 817-819
Area code(0)7
Districts38

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Kaohsiung ( ; old names: Takao, Takow, Takau) is a city located in southwestern Taiwan, facing the Taiwan Strait on the west. Kaohsiung, officially named Kaohsiung City, is divided into thirty-eight districts. The city is one of five special municipalities of the Republic of China (Taiwan). On December 25, 2010, it merged with Kaohsiung County to form a larger municipality.

Kaohsiung is the second largest city in Taiwan, with a population around 2.9 million. It is a center for manufacturing, refining, shipbuilding, and other light and heavy industries. A major port, through which pass most of Taiwan's marine imports and exports, is located at the city but is not managed by the city government.

Kaohsiung International Airport serving the city is the second largest airport in Taiwan. The Port of Kaohsiung is the largest harbor in Taiwan. Kaohsiung is the terminal of the Sun Yat-sen Freeway. The city is served by the railway stations of Western Line and Pingtung Line. Taiwan High Speed Rail connects it with Taipei City. The Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit, the city's subway system, was launched in early 2008. Kaohsiung was the host city of the 2009 World Games, a multisport event primarily composed of sports not featured in the Olympic Games. The city is also home to the Republic of China Navy.


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