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Kaliningrad Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast
En NameKaliningrad Oblast
Ru NameКалининградская область
Image CoaKaliningrad Oblast Coat of Arms 2006.svg
Coa CaptionCoat of arms
Image FlagFlag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svg
Flag CaptionFlag
AnthemAnthem of Kaliningrad Oblast
Political StatusOblast
Political Status LinkOblasts of Russia
Federal DistrictNorthwestern
Economic RegionKaliningrad
Adm Ctr TypeAdministrative center
Adm Ctr NameKaliningrad
Pop 2010census941474
Pop 2010census Rank56th
Urban Pop 2010census77.6%
Rural Pop 2010census22.4%
Pop 2002census955281
Pop 2002census Rank57th
Urban Pop 2002census77.6%
Rural Pop 2002census22.4%
Area Km215100
Area Km2 Rank76th
Established DateApril 7, 1946
Prev Name1Kyonigsberg Oblast
Prev Name1 DateJuly 4, 1946
Prev Name1 Ref
License Plates39
Gov As OfMarch 2011
Leader TitleGovernor
Leader NameNikolay Tsukanov
LegislatureOblast Duma
Legislature Ref
DateAugust 2010

     Home | Russian federal subject2 | Kaliningrad Oblast

Kaliningrad Oblast ( , Kaliningradskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) situated on the Baltic coast. It has a population of

The oblast forms the westernmost part of the Russian Federation, but it has no land connection to the rest of Russia. Since its creation it has been an exclave of the Russian SFSR and then the Russian Federation. The fall of the Soviet Union left it isolated from the 'mainland'. It is surrounded by Lithuania, Poland, and the Baltic Sea. Borderless travel to the main part of Russia is only possible by sea and/or air. This political isolation became more pronounced when Lithuania and Poland both became members of the European Union and NATO, and entered the Schengen Zone, which means that the oblast is surrounded by the territories of these organizations as well.

The oblast's largest city and the administrative center is Kaliningrad (formerly known as Königsberg), which has historical significance as both a major city of the historical state of Prussia and the capital of the former German province of East Prussia, partitioned after World War II between the USSR and Poland, and renamed after the Soviet Head of State Mikhail Kalinin.

The territory of the Kaliningrad Oblast coincides with that of the northern part of historical East Prussia, (German: Nord-Ostpreussen), which was an exclave of Germany from World War I until 1945. In that year, it was occupied by the Soviet Union and annexed according to the Potsdam Agreement. It was attached to the Russian SFSR. Most of its German population had fled to the "mainland" of Germany during the war; the rest were expelled from 1945 to 1950. Russian settlers moved in, and the population has been Russian ever since.

Currently it is one of Russia's best performing regional economies, bolstered by a low manufacturing tax rate, as set by its 'Special Economic Zone' [SEZ] status, given by Moscow. As of 2006, one in three televisions in Russia are made in Kaliningrad, and its population is one of few in Russia which is expected to show strong growth.

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