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Full nameJuliaca
Official nameJuliaca
ProvinceSan Román
Founded1826 A.D. 1st
City since1908 A.D. 1st
MayorDavid Mamani Paricahua (2011 2014)
Elevation12549.2 ft (3825 m)
Total Population225,146(2007)
Density (pop.)422.6/km2 (1094.5/sq mi)
Other information
Time zonePET (UTC-5)
- Summer (DST)PET (UTC-5)
Area code+51

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Juliaca (Spanish: Juliaca, Quechua: Hullaqa, Aymara: Hullaqa) is San Roman's capital city in Puno Region, which is situated in southeastern Peru. It is the region's largest city with a population of 225,146 inhabitants (2007), on the Altiplano, Juliaca (3825 m/12500 feet) above sea level, is located in the Collao Plateau and it is northwest of Lake Titicaca (45km). It is the largest trade center in the Puno region.

It is near the Chacas' lagoon, Maravillas river, and near the ruins of Sillustani.

The city hosts Juliaca's Carnival each year between February and March. During this event, participants dressed with colorful costumes gather on the streets to dance typical dances of Collao Plateau. It is a very popular festival in the region. Another event is Saint Sebastian's fest, which occurs on January, 20th of every year.

Juliaca has a varied transportation system with citizens relying on cars, trains, and bicycle. It is a major transit point in this region of the nation and has strong ties with Peru´s southern cities including Arequipa, Puno, Tacna, Cuzco, Ilo, and Bolivian´s Republic.

Like Chicago, Illinois it is nicknamed the "Windy City" because of the city's breezy climate due to it's location on the Collao Plateau. It is also called the "Sock City" or "Knitting City" because Juliaca was major center of sock, sweater, and handicraft production. Now production of clothes, wool and fabrics are industrial processes.It is also home to Inca Manco Capac Airport, the region's main airport.

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