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Joshua Chamberlain

Bvt. Maj. Gen. Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
Personal data
NicknameLion of the Round Top
Date of birthSeptember 8, 1828
Place of birthBrewer, Maine
Date of deathFebruary 24, 1914(age 85)
Place of deathPortland, Maine
Political partyRepublican
SpouseFanny Chamberlain
ChildrenGrace Dupee (Chamberlain) Allen (b. 1856), Infant Son (unnamed) (d. 1857), Harold Wyllys Chamberlain (b. 1858), Emily Stelle Chamberlain (d. 1860), Gertrude Loraine Chamberlain (d. 1865)
ResidenceBrunswick, Maine (His house is preserved as a historical landmark to this day.)
Alma materBowdoin College
ProfessionTeaching, Military
ReligionCongregationalist
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Union
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1862 - 66
RankBrevet Major General
Brigadier General
Commands20th Maine Infantry
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps
1st Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps
1st Division, V Corps
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War *Battle of Fredericksburg *Battle of Gettysburg *Second Battle of Petersburg *Appomattox Campaign
AwardsMedal of Honor
32nd Governor of Maine
In officeJanuary 2, 1867 - January 4, 1871
Succeeded bySidney Perham
Preceded bySamuel Cony

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Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain (September 8, 1828 - February 24, 1914), born as Lawrence Joshua Chamberlain, was an American college professor from the State of Maine, who volunteered during the American Civil War to join the Union Army. Although having no earlier education in military strategies, he became a highly respected and decorated Union officer, reaching the rank of brigadier general (and brevet major general). For his gallantry at Gettysburg, he was awarded the Medal of Honor. He was given the honor of commanding the Union troops at the surrender ceremony for the infantry of Robert E. Lee's Army at Appomattox, Virginia. After the war, he entered politics as a Republican and served four one-year terms of office as the 32nd Governor of Maine. He served on the faculty, and as president, of his alma mater, Bowdoin College.


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