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Josephine Baker

Josephine Baker
Josephine Baker in Havana, Cuba (1950)
Personal information
Birth nameFreda Josephine McDonald
BornJune 3, 1906
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
DiedApril 12, 1975(age 68)
Paris, France
Music hall
French pop
French jazz
OccupationDancer, Singer, Actress
Years active1921 1975
LabelsColumbia, Mercury, RCA Victor

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Josephine Baker (June 3, 1906 April 12, 1975) was an American dancer, singer, and actress who found fame in her adopted homeland of France. She was given such nicknames as the "Bronze Venus", the "Black Pearl", and the "Créole Goddess".

Baker was the first African American female to star in a major motion picture, to integrate an American concert hall, and to become a world-famous entertainer. She is also noted for her contributions to the Civil Rights Movement in the United States (she was offered the unofficial leadership of the movement by Coretta Scott King in 1968 following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination, but turned it down), for assisting the French Resistance during World War II, and for being the first American-born woman to receive the French military honor, the Croix de guerre.

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