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John Simon, 1st Viscount Simon

Personal data
Date of birth, 28 February 1873
Date of death11 January 1954(age 80)
Political partyLiberal Party
Other partyNational Liberal Party
SpouseEthel Venables (1899-1902)
Kathleen Rochard Harvey (1917-1954)
ChildrenMargaret Edwards
Joan Bickford-Smith
John Gilbert Simon, 2nd Viscount Simon
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
In office10 May 1940 - 27 July 1945
Prime ministerWinston Churchill
Succeeded byThe Viscount Jowitt
Preceded byThe Viscount Caldecote
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office28 May 1937 - 10 May 1940
Prime ministerNeville Chamberlain
Succeeded bySir Kingsley Wood
Preceded byNeville Chamberlain
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
In office5 November 1931 - 7 June 1935
Prime ministerRamsay MacDonald
Succeeded bySir Samuel Hoare, Bt
Preceded byThe Marquess of Reading
Home Secretary
In office7 June 1935 - 28 May 1937
Prime ministerStanley Baldwin
Succeeded bySir Samuel Hoare, Bt
Preceded bySir John Gilmour, Bt
In office27 May 1915 - 12 January 1916
Prime ministerH. H. Asquith
Succeeded byHerbert Samuel
Preceded byReginald McKenna
In office19 October 1913 - 25 May 1915
Prime ministerH. H. Asquith
Succeeded bySir Edward Carson
Preceded bySir Rufus Isaacs
In office7 October 1910 - 19 October 1913
Prime ministerH. H. Asquith
Succeeded bySir Stanley Buckmaster
Preceded bySir Rufus Isaacs

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John Allsebrook Simon, 1st Viscount Simon GCSI GCVO OBE PC (28 February 1873 - 11 January 1954) was a British politician who held senior Cabinet posts from the beginning of the First World War to the end of the Second. He is one of only three people to have served as Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer, the others being R.A. Butler and James Callaghan. He also served as Lord Chancellor, the most senior position in the British legal system. Beginning his career as a Liberal, he joined the National Government in 1931, creating the Liberal National Party in the process. At the end of his career, he was essentially a Conservative.

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