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John Garfield

Warner Bros. publicity photo, circa late 30's
Personal information
Birth nameJacob Julius Garfinkle
Birth dateMarch 4, 1913
Place of birthNew York City, New York
Date of deathMay 21, 1952(age 39)
Death placeNew York City, New York
SpouseRoberta Seidman (1935-1952)
ChildrenKatherine Garfield (died, age 7), Julie Garfield, John Garfield Jr.

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John Garfield (March 4, 1913 - May 21, 1952) was an American actor adept at playing brooding, rebellious, working-class character roles. He grew up in poverty in Depression-era New York City and in the early 1930s became an important member of the Group Theater. In 1937 he moved to Hollywood, eventually becoming one of Warner Bros.' major stars. Called to testify before the U.S. Congressional House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC), he denied Communist affiliation and refused to "name names", effectively ending his film career. Some have claimed that the stress of this incident led to his premature death at 39 from a heart attack. Garfield is acknowledged as a predecessor of such Method actors as Montgomery Clift, Marlon Brando, and James Dean.

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