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James F. Byrnes

James F. Byrnes, c. 1941
Personal data
Date of birthMay 2, 1882
Place of birthCharleston, South Carolina
Date of deathApril 9, 1972(age 89)
Place of deathColumbia, South Carolina
Political partyDemocratic. later Republican
SpouseMaude Perkins Busch
ReligionEpiscopalian
104th Governor of South Carolina
In officeJanuary 16, 1951 - January 18, 1955
LieutenantGeorge Bell Timmerman, Jr.
Succeeded byGeorge Bell Timmerman, Jr.
Preceded byStrom Thurmond
49th United States Secretary of State
In officeJuly 3, 1945 - January 21, 1947
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Succeeded byGeorge Marshall
Preceded byEdward Stettinius, Jr.
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
In officeJuly 8, 1941 - October 3, 1942
Nominated byFranklin Delano Roosevelt
Succeeded byWiley Blount Rutledge
Preceded byJames Clark McReynolds
United States Senator
from South Carolina
In officeApril 5, 1931 - July 8, 1941
Succeeded byAlva M. Lumpkin
Preceded byColeman L. Blease
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina's 2nd district
In officeMarch 4, 1911 - March 4, 1925
Succeeded byButler B. Hare
Preceded byJames O'H. Patterson

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James Francis Byrnes (May 2, 1882 - April 9, 1972) was an American statesman from the state of South Carolina. During his career, Byrnes served as a member of the House of Representatives (1911 1925), as a Senator (1931 1941), as Justice of the Supreme Court (1941 1942), as Secretary of State (1945 1947), and as the 104th Governor of South Carolina (1951 1955). He therefore became one of very few politicians to be active in all three branches of the federal government while also being active in state government. He was also a confidant of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and was one of the most powerful men in American domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s.


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