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US State
NicknameThe Hawkeye State
MottoOur liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain.
Official languagesEnglish
CapitalDes Moines
Largest citycapital
Largest metro areaDes Moines metropolitan area
Area Ranked26th
Total56272 sq mi 145743 km2
Width310 mi 500 km
Length199 mi 320 km
% water0.71
Pop. Rank30th
Total3,046,355 (2010)
Density53.5 /sq mi 20.7 /km2
Median income$48,075 (24th)
Highest pointHawkeye Point
1670 ft 509 m
Mean1099 ft 335 m
Lowest pointMississippi River at Keokuk
480 ft 146 m
Other information
Admission to UnionDecember 28, 1846 (29th)
GovernorTerry E. Branstad (R)
Lieutenant GovernorKim Reynolds (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
Upper houseSenate
Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsChuck Grassley (R)
Tom Harkin (D)
U.S. House delegation3 Democrats, 2 Republicans
Time zoneCentral: UTC-6/-5

     Home | State | Iowa

Iowa c-enaudio=en-us-Iowa.oggˈaɪ.əwə is a state located in the Midwestern United States, an area often referred to as the "American Heartland". It derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many American Indian tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa was a part of the French colony of New France. After the Louisiana Purchase, settlers laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. Iowa is often known as the "Food Capital of the World". However, Iowa's economy, culture, and landscape are diverse.

In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy transitioned to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, processing, financial services, biotechnology, and green energy production. The state has a population of just over 3 million (2010) and its capital and largest city is Des Moines. Iowa has been listed as one of the safest states in which to live.

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